The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the Conference of Parties 21 was a breakthrough, driving the agreement with bottom-up approach. It enabled both developing and developed countries to embrace climate reality, taking nationally-driven initiatives to contribute in reducing anthropogenic interference to the climate system, while still acknowledging the varying degree of financial capital, culpability and capacity available to them. Indonesia was among the early conference parties to come up with ambitious emission reduction target in its INDC. It pledged to reduce at least 26% of its GHG emission against business-as-usual scenario by 2020 with its own endeavor, and 41% by 2030 with international support. However, with the recent flaming of peat and forest fires, many critics question the feasibility of this ambition. This paper argues that in order to achieve its INDC target, in line with Indonesia's poverty reduction development goal, Indonesia needs to spearhead serious attention to put an end to its reoccurring haze. The paper will elaborate on the following three premises: (i) that the major source of Indonesia's carbon emission comes from Peat and Land-Use, Land-Use-Change and Forestry (LULUCF); (ii) that forest fires prompts the largest amount of contingency costs among other sources of carbon emission; and (iii) that existing regime will make it feasible to tackle the reoccurrence of forest fires. This paper aims to attract more attention to tackle the reoccurrence of the largest transboundary atmospheric pollution in South-east Asia and elaborate on the practical means to make such endeavour possible.
Biondi Sanda Sima, Peking University, China & Sciences Po, France
Stream: Environmental Sustainability & Environmental Management: Atmosphere and Air
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