Policy networks and linkage are tightly connected concepts in the politics. The policy networks defined by Rhodes are set of formal institutional and informal linkages between governmental and other actors. The policy networks are important elements in the power-dependence theory about intergovernmental relations in the UK. This paper mainly investigates comparison between policy networks in the UK and different policy networks in Japan. Organization of this paper is composed of three parts. First, surveyed are existing policy networks with power-dependence and differentiated polity characterized by linkage and bargaining among the central government, national community of local government, single function policy communities and the local authority in the UK. This paper also surveys policy networks in Japan characterized by functional interests, vertical interdependence and compartmentalized horizontal structure under the administrative control of the bureaucracy. Second, I study condition of the equilibrium between central-local governmental relations by analyzing bargaining of the rate support grant policy by which central government attempted to reduce amount of the rate imposed by the local authorities in the Thatcher Administration. I also explore condition of the equilibrium of the administrative and financial reforms by which central government attempted privatization of the Japan Post and national universities in the Koizumi Administration. Through this analysis I withdraw result about comparison of policy networks in the UK and Japan. Finally, I investigate linkage of international relations in the EU. I discuss condition of the equilibrium of the EU agenda in the interdependence of the EU and its Member States.
Yoshihiro Nagata, Nagoya University, Japan
Stream: Politics, Public Policy, Law & Criminology
This paper is part of the IICSSHawaii2017 Conference Proceedings (View)
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