Ecological crisis is the challenge commonly faced by mankind, and it is environment protection topic emphasized by countries across the world. Russia stresses on coping eco-crisis issue in its sustainable development strategy in recent years, and it formulated Environment Protection Law of Russia and Ecological Appraisal Law of Russia, forming a set of ecological systems, including ecological standard system, ecological registration system, ecological appraisal system, ecological supervision system, ecological compensation system, ecological insurance system and ecological audit system. Russia’s ecological system design lays emphasis on functions and classifications, which can be summarized as administrative system, legal system and economic system. In addition, Russian’s ecological systems mainly adhere to the basic principles of coerciveness, participation and incentiveness. By virtue of analysis on Russian’s basic ecological systems, this paper attempts to summarize the basic connotations, rules, functions and characteristics of its systems, reveal the inner link and rules among ecological systems, and explore its beneficial experience that can be referred to by other countries. Russian’s ecological systems provide mechanism and system guarantee for effectively preventing ecological risks. Meanwhile, it must be admitted that Russian’s ecological systems have weak spots, mainly representing in management level overlapping, resulting in relatively low efficiency. These deficiencies deserve our attention and further research.
Ying Mei Lin, China University of Petroleum, China
Pang Changwei, China University of Petroleum, China
Stream: Natural, Environmental and Health Sciences
This paper is part of the IICSSHawaii2017 Conference Proceedings (View)
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