Ecosystem Services of Rubber Agroforestry System: A Review

Abstract

Mono rubber plantation is generally known to be a source of high economic income. However, various impacts on ecology remain controversy. In order to balance between the economic and environmental aspects, rubber agroforestry system (RAS), a system that rubbers are planted together with different kinds of tress, is seemed to be the great solution. The objective of this study is to achieve a literature review relating to RAS ecosystem service researches. The results shows that RAS provides ecosystem services covering four types: provisioning service (sources of natural rubber, sources of food and sources of wood), regulating service (carbon stock, soil erosion control and water balance), supporting service (soil conservation and biodiversity) and cultural service (education). These results are very useful for environmental sustainability that can also secure the economic benefit of RAS. More studies on appropriate model of RAS are still needed to carry out to maximize both ecological and economic services for the farmers and society.



Author Information
Narun Nattharom, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand
Saowalak Roongtawanreongsri, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand
Sara Bumrungsri, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand

Paper Information
Conference: ACSS2016
Stream: Sustainability

This paper is part of the ACSS2016 Conference Proceedings (View)
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