This paper aims to review the ecovillage concept and its applicaton in Thailand. Ecovillage is a type of community founded by a group of people who are interested in changing themselves to live daily without negative effects on environment, integrate life with nature, decrease natural resource uses, perform routine activities that least affects the nature in the community. It aims at changing collaborative spirit and applying technology properly in the community. This study employed a review study of the concept of global ecovillages worldwide then scope down to detail study of all ecovillages in Thailand. The results showed that at present there are five ecovillage networks around the world. The operation of those networks influences on continuity of ecovillages until now. Besides the operational network, ecovillage also has conceptual framework that can appropriately be applied with different community contexts in five aspects: holistic, social, economic, cultural and ecological aspects. In Thailand, there were nine places registered on Ecovillage website, but only seven places that can be follow through the link given on the website. However, there are only two places that give details of the practice and application of Ecovillage and are studied in this study. In addition, one other ecovillages not registered on the website was also investigated. Detail study found out that when comparing with the definition and concept of ecovillage, there were still rooms for these communities to improve to the full ecovillage as true to the spirit of ecovillage worldwide.
Rachada Boonkaew, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand
Saowalak Roongtawanreongsri, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand
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