Relationship between Homesickness, Self-Efficacy, and Achievement Motivation among Non-Native Students of Urmia University of Medical Sciences

Abstract

Abstract The transition to university often involves separation from home can lead to the challenge of adapting to a new academic environment. For most new students, adjusting to an unfamiliar academic setting can induce homesickness. The present study investigated the relationship between homesickness, achievement motivation, self-efficacy among non-native students of Urmia University of Medical Sciences in the academic year of 2013-2014. The sample comprised 150 females and 129 males first year university students which living in university dormitory. The instruments for data collection were academic motivation scale (Vallerand et al., 1992), self-efficacy scale (Owen & Froman, 1988), and homesickness questionnaire (Archer et al., 1998). The gathered data were analyzed through stepwise regression and Pearson correlation by SPSS software. Results indicated that self-efficacy and achievement motivation have a significant correlation and reverse relationship with homesickness, implying that increased self-efficacy and achievement motivation decreased the level of homesickness among students. Furthermore, regression analysis revealed that demotivation, gender and self-efficacy significantly predict homesickness, respectively.



Author Information
Marzieh Arefi, Islamic Azad University, Iran
Roya Ghodsi shekh Jan, University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Paper Information
Conference: IICEDubai2016
Stream: Education for interdisciplinary thinking

This paper is part of the IICEDubai2016 Conference Proceedings (View)
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