Category: Assessment Theories & Methodologies


Needs Assessment: Do We Need It? A Case Study in an EFL Writing Class in Vietnam

Needs assessment focuses on “the learning needs of students, and then, once they are identified, needs are translated into learning objectives” (Brown, 2011, p. 269). Assessment of students’ needs will help teachers to develop teaching materials, learning activities, tests, assessment tools more effectively in their EFL classrooms. Thus, recognizing students’ needs provides a strong foundation


Fourth Grade Slow Learners’ Reading Error Analysis in Inclusive Elementary School in Indonesia

This study aims to analyze 4th grade slow learners’ reading errors in reading Indonesian text in an inclusive elementary school in Indonesia. This study involved four students who were diagnosed as slow learners. The investigation included planning, conducting, and analyzing the stages. The data were collected by recording the results of students’ reading tests. The


Prediction of Success in Online Study: Testing, Evaluation, and Interpreting Data

Distance online education has already proven to be a viable alternative to traditional education. However, the task of raising informationally competent and easily adapting to a new learning environment specialist is still far from completion. The purpose of this work is to create a method that allows in the first days of the semester to


Enhancing Learner Autonomy Using Student-generated Rubrics in Speaking and Writing: A Case in One Singapore Primary School

Student-generated rubrics, as part of formative assessment, have been reported to foster self-regulation and learner autonomy. This in turn can have a positive impact on students’ accomplishment on specific assignments. In view of these reports, an experimental design intervention was implemented on two classes of Grade 5 students (over 80) in one Singapore primary school


A New Self-adaptive Separate Grammar Test for L2 Online Young Learners

Grammar, a core component of the language system, is usually tested through writing and speaking in major language tests for young second language (L2) learners, such as Cambridge YLE. This, however, can not be aligned with students’ learning needs in later stage of acquisition. Moreover, the form of grammar, which is a better reflection of


A Language Proficiency Test that Works

Either out of inadequate technology or for the sake of convenience, most language proficiency tests tend to oversimplify students’ diverse needs and provide one size fit all solutions. Take Oxford Young Learners Placement Test for example. One part of this test combines grammar, vocabulary and functional language use. A student gets a final score and


A Causal Model of Student Teachers’ Ambition for Becoming Teachers

Student teachers’ ambition for becoming teachers is crucially vital in effectively making the decision to be in the teaching profession. The current research endeavor attempted to 1) study levels of motivation to be teachers, pedagogical knowledge, awareness of their teaching abilities, and the ambition for having a teaching profession. 2) Also, the current research study


Encouraging Independence and Interdependence in Assessment: Moving Towards Assessment for Learning in Heritage Language Classrooms in Singapore

Assessment for learning (AfL) can be viewed as a set of practices that enhance student learning. AfL is applicable in many varied contexts, yet the necessary situation-specific enactment (reflecting, for example, the learner’s age, subject matter and resources available) can impede critical examination and thoughtful dissemination. This study explored the extent by which teachers in


Attitude, Perceptions and Development of edTPA as an Assessment Process Among ECE Senior Cohort Students

edTPA serves as a teacher performance assistance and support system that measures new teachers’ readiness to teach young children. Even though it is not mandatory for the teaching license in Ohio, the University of Cincinnati makes edTPA mandatory in order for teacher candidates to graduate. This study tries to determine the change in attitude of


The Significance of Media in Literary Theory: Shaping the Future of Literary Criticism of Electronic Literature

Media plays an important role in literary studies. Nevertheless, the media has been neglected since the emergence of literary theories and criticism. Today, the development of digital media, which has influenced the world, has greatly influenced the development of literature. This development has created a research gap for further research on the effect of media


Socio-cultural Aspects in the Japanese Language Teaching Methodologies

In the age of globalization learning a foreign language can be used as an important mean of cross-cultural understanding. Nowadays, there have been a lot of changes in the social life of people in different countries. Therefore, the language teaching and learning requires a comprehensive approach. That is especially true for the Japanese language, because,


Harnessing Learning Analytics to Improve Online Quiz Equity

The use of online learning management systems (LMS) such as Blackboard, Canvas and Moodle is becoming a norm in higher education. In general, these systems provide tools to facilitate active learning such as discussion forums and student assessments such as online quizzes. Studies have shown that students who do pre-class online quizzes that encourage preparatory