All posts by James Alexander Gordon

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Turning to Violence: Science Fiction, Ethics and Difference in Priya Chabria’s “Generation 14”

Today, biotechnology is radically changing the terms of life: in the past human beings manipulated the external, and today humans turned upon themselves, manipulating their own bodies. The dissolution of the boundary between human and technology has raised questions about identity, humanity and our responsibilities towards new life forms. Meanwhile, globalization transforms the reach of

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Challenges of Teaching Caribbean Literature in a Caribbean University Classroom

This paper explores the teaching / learning strategies employed specifically in three courses that focus on the genres of the Caribbean short story, novel, and women’s writing taught at The University of the West Indies (UWI), St. Augustine Campus in Trinidad. These strategies range from interactive lectures, graphic organizers, posters, online forums, web pages, video

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Iraqi Digital Libraries: Based on Problems and their Solutions a new Vision and Future towards E-Society:

The Iraq Universities Started to use automated systems in libraries and information centers since the last century, and suffered periodically from using a few old systems, including Baghdad University Libraries. It was difficult to find fit systems suitable to their multiple needs, in addition to the problems of using equipment material and lack of trained

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Evaluation of Desire under the Elms by Eugene O’Neill Under the Light of Nine Rasas of Bharat Muni

This study indicates how Nine Rasas of Bharat Muni can be applicable to the drama of any language of the world. Nine Rasas literally means ‘essence ‘ ,it is used as the sense of emotional state . These Nine Rasas are the backbone of the Natyasatra (Dramatics). In simple words Nine Rasas are complete nine

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A Deliberate Illumination on Linguistic Traits of Du Fu’s Poems: A Study on the Poetics Criticism of Sung School of Qianlong and Jiaqing Reign (1736-1820)

The Sung School of Qing Dynasty basically inherited the philosophy from Jiangxi School of Sung Dynasty that poetry should be based on talent and poetics. With regard to poetics criticism, the Sung School analyzed the sound patterns, lexical and grammatical traits as well as organizations of the poems of Du Fu, who is one of

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Connectedness: Communities of Crime Fiction Reader

For as long as there have been libraries, librarians have played an integral role in connecting readers to writers. The result has been the construction of communities around the world, onsite and online, as people come together for reading experiences that provide education and enjoyment. This paper explores how crime fiction writers are particularly adept

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Hybrid, Memory and Hybridization of Messianic Time in Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children

In Salam Rushdie’s ‘Midnight’s Children’, Saleem Sinai is the hybrid body which can be defined based on the result of comparison between Robert Young’s and Homi K. Bhabha’s discussion. Born right at the midnight of the independence of India, Saleem Sinai’s personal history constituted of his memory is related with Indian History. Being a multi

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The Courtship Practices among the Talaandig as Depicted in Their Folksongs and Folktales

This is a literary study of the Talaandig folksongs and folktales. Its emphasis is on the courtship practices of the Talaandig people. Using the formalistic approach to criticism, these courtship practices can be gleaned from the literary devices and elements such as rhyme, rhythm, symbols and images, characters, plot, setting and theme. To know how

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The Trauma of the Loss of Identity and Anguish of Alienation: An Appraisal of the Indian Writing in English

This paper explores alienation as a global problem in reference to Indian Writing in English. We all live in a global world today where people with different backgrounds and roots come in contact with one another feeling the difference between home and exile. These individuals are torn between two cultures and are unable to totally

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Censorship and Intellectual Property Focusing on Library Activities

Libraries are expected to be fully available in relation to all kinds of knowledge and information, regardless of social acceptance and the importance given to them in certain social frameworks. In many legal formulations, progressive proclamations, successful standardizations, there are still a number of limitations of civil rights and liberties, to which can sometimes contribute

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The “space” in Willa Cather’s Fictions

Willa Cather is famous for a series of Nebraska fictions, in which it depicts the prairie landscape and the pioneers’ lives in the American west. Much attention has been paid to natures descriptions, especially for the American west prairie landscape in her fictions. However, Cheryll Glotfelty points out that “although Cather’s most famous work takes

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Global Cultural Identity on the Example of Japanese Trivial Literature and European Literary Tendencies

The modern global information society depends on numerous national infrastructures which have developed as intellectual capital, differing historical, sociological and political conditions, as well as a system of organization and presentation of information. The relationship between the pure and the trivial literature depends upon historical and personal particularities and relations. Thus we encounter the trivial

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The Drama of Loneliness: Its Evolution from Chekhov to Pinter and Bond

The loneliness of human existence becomes an overriding theme in literature and drama of the 20th century, especially due to the emergence of the European Avant-Garde movements, Sigmund Freud’s theory of the subconscious, and the philosophy of Existentialism (Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus) which focused on an individual in an alienated world devoid of meaning or

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Are We There Yet? Understandings of Home Among Compulsive Migrants

 This paper closes a gap in the field of cultural studies by analysing compulsive migrants — individuals who voluntarily migrate out of desire rather than need. Employing in-depth interviews, I create a theoretical framework for compulsive migrants’ understandings of home based on their lived experiences. Academic research on migration focuses on home from a literal

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Meta-Research on Public Broadcasting: Case Study of European Union and Thailand

In Thailand, public broadcasting was founded in 2008 as the Thai Public Broadcasting Service (Thai PBS). To gear its operations in a proper way of idealized public broadcasting, Thai PBS needs to gather information generated from a number of researches conducted on public broadcasting in various countries. This paper is a meta-research on public broadcasting,

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Reading Chinese Painting: Antonello Trombadori’s China and the Limits of the Contemporary

In this paper, we discuss the Chinese Notebook, an account of a trip to China written in 1955 by Antonello Trombadori, a young partisan of the Italian Resistance and an accomplished expert in the fields of art, cinema, and literature. We wish to use his Chinese Notebook as a starting point for a wider discussion

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Seniors Use of Medical Electric Scooters with The Intention Satisfaction Study in Taiwan

This study aims to explore the properties of the senior citizens of Taiwan; their living and their needs of going out. Through using the software “SPSS12.0” to build the model of this research to do confirmatory factor analysis, path analysis and satisfaction analysis, we can understand the influence caused by several dimensions on people’s intention

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Stress Resistance, Adaptability, and Emotional Stability of Medical Students Obtaining Categories 4 and 5 on The Psychometric Test and Related Factors

Background: In its effort to produce high quality graduates, the Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Indonesia administers psychological tests to assess first year medical students’ logical thinking skills and personality. The results of those tests are divided into 5 categories of recommendation, 1 to 5, based on the capability of the students to complete

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Living Arrangements and Adjustment of Elderly Persons

Adjustment of old age persons is a common problem all over the world. Due to old age and retirement, their living arrangement also changes. This study analyzed the living arrangement of elderly persons and their old age adjustment & mental health. Four types of living arrangement are considered here. 1. Married persons living with their

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The Relationship between Analytic and Holistic Styles of Thinking and Forgiveness

This study examined the relationship between styles of thinking (analytic vs. holistic) and willingness to forgive. Previous research has uncovered a qualitative difference in how individuals attend to their worlds: analytic thinkers focus on objects and their attributes while holistic thinkers focus on the context as a whole in which objects are viewed in relation

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The Study and Research of Wind Energy for Electricity Generator in Chana District, Songkhla Thailand

This article is aimed to study and research about the wind energy for the electricity generator around Chana District, Songkhla province(Southern of Thailand), Thailand. The experiment used three vertical wind turbine, 12 volts 200 watts electric current, charger control, 1,500 watts battery, and 525 watts inverter. This study revealed that the wind energy can generate

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Reducing the Budget Deficit Sustainably in Vietnam: Pathway to 2020

Vietnam economy continously has to face with uncertainties such as low economic growth, inflation, and trade balance deficits and especially budget deficits which lead to double deficits in recent years. This broadly influences on various areas in the country’s economy, especially the private sector. However, Vietnam’s policies to reduce the budget deficit of Vietnam have

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Influence on the Combustion Process of the Type of Fertilizer Used on an Energy Crop (Populus Nigra, L.)

The overall objective of this work was to investigate whether the response to a combustion process was influenced by the material used for fertilizing an energy crop. Hence, black poplar was used as a lignocellulosic biomass crop and three different treatments were applied to fertilize it: digestate from the anaerobic digestion of manure, sewage sludge

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Cationic Contamination In Lake’s Of West Zone, Ahmedabad, Gujarat,India

Ahmedabad is unique in the whole of India in matters of environmental neatness and flourishing conditions and it is superior to other cites in the excellence of its monuments. Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA) proposes to undertake work for revival, development of catchments areas and beatification of few lakes under the present project. Of these;

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The Real Cause for the U.S. Subprime, Financial, Economic Crises in 2007-2009

There is general agreement among academics, economists, and policymakers about the U.S. housing market bust having caused the U.S. subprime, financial, economic crises in 2007-2009. However, consensus on what caused the U.S. housing market to burst was not obvious. Now academics, economists, and policymakers have started debating on the impacts of the Global Green New

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DG Types Effect on the Optimal Location for Voltage Sag Mitigation

Voltage sag is considered to be the most serious hazard of power quality and can produce a harmful effect in electrical power system stability. Distributed Generation which used in this paper is playing an important role in power system to improve the grid performance. Grid performance and avoiding degradation the power system networks depend probably

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Parametric Study of Earth-to-Air Heat Exchanger in Malaysian Climate

The technology, where the ground used as a heat sink to produce cooler air, has been an area of interest in Malaysia even before its National Green Technology Policy launched in 2009. Many researchers have studied the Earth-to-Air Heat Exchanger (EAHE) from different points of view, some focused on developing mathematical models to predict the

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Estimation of Nitrogen Dioxide Concentrations in the Inner Bangkok by Land Use Regression Model

The Pollution Control Department (PCD) has long been responsible for an hourly measurement of Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) concentrations at its twelve stations located within the 430 square kilometer area of Inner Bangkok. In the past, to estimate NO2 concentrations at any unmeasured location, the proximity model, interpolation model, or dispersion model were employed. These models

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Selecting Bio-indicator Fish for Monitoring Organochlorine Pesticide Contamination in Rivers

The aim of this study was to select the appropriate bio-indicator to monitor organochlorine contamination in the river and understand its effecting factors. Two species of fish; Spot barb (Puntius bimaculatus) and Naked catfish (Bagaridge) were selected as the representatives of herbivore fish and omnivore fish, respectively, because they were found across the country and

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Future Prospects of Residential Solar Water Heating System in Oman

The excessive usage of fossil fuels worldwide is causing environmental problems. One solution to these problems is the exploitation of available renewable energy resources, including solar energy. This exploitation of renewable energy resources becomes essential to meet the large energy demand that resulted in depletion of fossil fuel resources, fuel price uncertainty and volatility, and

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Heavy Metal Contamination of Marine Fish from Reclaimed Water in Arid Environment

Arid regions with low rainfall are under continuous threat and pressure to maintain its stability and to meet public demands, specifically issues related to fresh water. Due to the lack of rainfall and continuous population growth, many countries in the arid regions depend mainly on desalination of seawater and brackish water. Most countries in those

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A Lighting Controller for Led Lamp Cooperated with Daylighting in Thailand

This research aimed to develop a lighting controller for LED lamps coordinated with day lighting (LCTL) for replacing the lamps that were installed near windows. This device would control LED lamps to work appropriately at daylight levels. The results revealed that the developed device could control the lighting of LED lamps coordinated with day lighting

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Promoting Sustainability in Selected African Fashion Design Institutions

The period 2005-2014 was identified as the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD. The Decade highlighted education and learning as vehicles through which sustainable agenda could be voiced in the common pursuit of sustainable development. Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) provides better understanding of the complex interdependence between human needs and the natural environment.

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Effect of Acidic Soil on Free Fatty Acid of Palm Oil in Thailand

Oil plam was the most important biodiesel plants and were considered as an important part of energy future in Thailand. Some oil palm plantations were grown in soil pH with acid conditions, which lacked of supporting data for agriculturalist. Attempts were made to study the effect of the level of soil pH on the quality

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The Integrated Development of the Community Learning Center of Philosophy of Economic Sufficiency.  Case study: DongKraTongYam Sub-district,  SriMaHaPho District, Prachinburi Province

The research objectives were to determine the effectiveness of rural development tactics in rural, agricultural Thailand. The action research method was conducted with DongKraTongYam Sub-district, Prachinburi, Thailand. The data were collected by mixed-method field studies, in-depth interviews, focus groups, and analyzed by mean, standard deviation and content analysis. We initiated three projects: a community collaboration

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Rates of Sediment Deposition in Lam Phra Phloeng Dam, Nakorn Ratchasima Province, Thailand, Using 210 Pb as a Geochronometer

Lam Phra Phloeng dam, Nakhon Ratchasima province, is one of the dams most seriously affected by soil erosion related sedimentation in Thailand. Deforestation and rapid land use change, from forest to agricultural land, has led to increase sediment load in rivers draining into the dam. The dominant crops in the upper catchment are sugar-cane and

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Green Architecture and Environmental Design using Rapid-Prototyping Social-Networking Sandbox Tools, followed by Professional Architectural Software

In 2012 the United Nations UN-Habitat’s Sustainable Urban Development Network partnered with European Union sandbox-game developers of architectural and social-networking software. The U.N. goal is to upgrade 300 public spaces worldwide by 2016 by joining professional designers with local inhabitants in virtual-world simulations of public spaces so that a collective design experience may be realized.

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Sense of Place as Community Empowerment in Bioregional Planning Process: A Proposed Model

Dynamic landscape change affects and is affected by human attitudes. Research in landscape ecological sciences has focusing on whether and how spatial organization of landscape creates stable, functioning ecosystems. Humans have been treated as an independent, separate entity despite the fact that in this space they connect and embed their values, perception and attitudes when

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Total Sulfur Deposition over Forest in Tropical Climatology, Thailand

Sulfur (S) is the key component of atmospheric acid deposition on ecological system. This study, S components were collected by a four-stage filter pack over a tropical forest from July 2011 to June 2012 at Sakearat Environmental Research Station. The experiment was operated under conditional sampling technique or relaxed eddy accumulation (REA) method. This method

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Sustainable City Indicators for Greater Mae Kong Sub-Region : Cases from Thailand and Lao PDR

Countries in Greater Mae Kong Sub-region (GMS) have agreed in 1992 to develop international cooperation aiming for economic development, which will in turn improving quality of life of local citizens. However, economic development, if unplanned, may cause adverse impacts to local society. New cities in this region have arisen at a rapid rate in the

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Ecological Study of Selected lentic Water Bodies of Ahmadabad, Gujarat India

In ecology the environment of lakes is referred to as lacustrine. The lakes are quiet large bodies of fresh water usually deep enough that their beds lay much beyond the photosynthetic zone. Fluctuations in the lake level are because of climatic conditions and human water requirements. Lentic limnology refers specifically to still waters. For the

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Applications of Sequential Power Flow Analysis for High and Low Voltage Distribution Systems to Energy Loss Evaluation for Dwelling Units or Buildings

In this paper, a sequential power flow calculation method for high- and low-voltage distribution systems is proposed. The proposed method is employed to assess the energy losses for a single-phase, 3-wire, 2´110V branch circuits of a typical dwelling unit. The daily, weekly, monthly and annual energy losses of a dwelling unit are obtained by a

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Surveying Historic Buildings: Valuing Sustainability in Historic Large Hall Structures including Places of Worship in the UK

Historic buildings make a positive contribution to all aspects of sustainable development. They are more than an environmental and cultural asset; they are an important driver for economic development and delivering social objectives. This paper looks at the factors that need to be considered in order to assess the sustainable performance of listed buildings. It

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Maintaining Water Depth in Colonial Navigation Canals Versus Inland Freshwater Wetland System Loss- The Case of Canoly Canal and Kottuly Wetlands, Calicut, Kerala, India

In addition to irrigation canals, the Colonial rule gave rise to inland navigation canals in India. The Buckingham Canal in the Coromandel Coast and the Canoly canal in the west coast are two such canals in South India constructed during 1800s. Both the canals rely upon inland freshwater systems for sustaining water levels. The Canoly

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Evaluation of Cadmium Concentrations in the Surface Sediments of Salt River Estuary, Taiwan

Major objectives of this study are to evaluation the pollution and potential ecological risk of cadmium (Cd) in the sediments of Salt River estuary, Taiwan. Nine monitoring stations were installed near the estuary of Salt River to collect sediment samples for analyzing Cd. Results of laboratory analyses show that contents of Cd in the sediments

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Sustainability through Subsistence: The Case for De-urbanization in Malaysia

Industrialization was the catalyst for growth of cities in Southeast Asia, in particular Malaysia. However, industrialization in many cities has peaked and is now declining. This raises the issue of increased in urban poverty to be a significant problem facing the cities in the 21st century. Evidence from other developing countries is that, faced with

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A Study of Feasibility of Pretreatment Process to Utilize Lignocellulosic Biomass as Materials for Biodiesel Production

Biomass is the most abundant renewable resource in the world and has a potential use as an alternative to fossil resource for production of chemicals and fuels. One’s of key challenges is the development of new processes for the utilization of biomass. For the effective conversion from biomass to biofuels or other chemicals, it requires

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A Study of Feasibility to Utilize Lignocellulosic Biomass as Materials for Biodiesel Production

Lignocellulosic biomass is a renewable, inexpensive, and abundant resource with high potential for biofuel production to implement the sustainable energy energy worldwide. The bottleneck of biofuel production is the recalcitration of ligoncellulosic biomass to fermentable sugars. Searching for a novel cellulase, a biocatalyst, is one of major challenges to promote biofuel production with economic and

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Assessment for Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Nakhon Ratchasima City Municipality, Thailand

Rapid increase in volume and types of solid waste generation due to economic growth, urbanization and industrialization has become a problem in developing countries including Thailand. Urban cities in Thailand such as Nakhon Ratchasima City Municipality (NRCM) have put sustainable waste management among their top priorities. One way to solve this problem is to convert

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The Consideration of Heat Reduction Hourly Schedule on Front Surface of Photovoltaic Module to Improve Efficiency

The efficiency of the Photovoltaic (PV) are depended on many things, one of them is the accumulative heat on the front surface which related to the operating temperature. The attempt to improve PV efficiency was carried out by reducing the heat on the front surface. The Monocrystalline silicon photovoltaic was used in the experiment. There

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Key Issues on Designing and Implementing Emissions Trading System in China

The mitigation of carbon emissions has been the subject of gradual policy development in the international community during recent years. China, as the world’s most populous and largest developing country, is a large greenhouse gas emissions source that grows rapidly in line with its industrialisation and urbanisation. Extensive air pollution within China today, however, is

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Regime dynamics and diversification of Norwegian energy system incumbents

Given the urgency of realizing a transition to more sustainable energy systems, it is crucial to gain more knowledge about the role of incumbents and the dynamics of regimes. Over the past decade many energy system incumbents have found themselves responding to exogenous challenges in their core domestic markets and many have strategically reoriented themselves

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The Effect of Accounting Information System Implementation on Accounting Information Quality and Its Impacts on Managerial Performance.(survey at 26 Districts/ Cities in West Java Province-Indonesia)

The local government financial management paradigm has been changed over few years in Indonesia. This is shown by the implementation of local financial information system which integrates each agency of local government. In turns, it is expected that local managerial can increase their performance trhough this mechanism. This research aims to study and analyse the

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Bioenergy Potential Assessment of Wastewater Sludge and Forestry Waste in Taiwan: Financial Analysis and Life Cycle Assessment

Final disposal of enormous wastewater sludge in Taiwan becomes an environmental issue since most landfill sites will be closed in the next decade. The low heat value and high ash content in sludge restrict its energy application using thermochemical processes. Co-firing of sludge with the abundant forestry wastes like wood chips in Taiwan seems a

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A Strategic Model towards the Empowerment of Distributed Solar Pv System for Sustainable Rural Communities in Malaysia

Power scarcity due to the depletion of fossil fuels could cause frequent power interruptions and lead to a disruption of the nation’s social structure. The most vulnerable group is the low-income people in the rural areas, who have limited access to generate their own power supplies. Due to this situation, it is necessary to introduce

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An Impact Assessment of Rural Electrification Project in China

This article investigates the relationship between China’s coal consumption in power sector and sustainable GDP per capita. By subtracting the environmental and social cost from the GDP, the overall effect of power-generating coal use on the country’s economic growth is re-examined using time series data from 1961 to 2010. Statistical analysis shows that the role

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Social Green as a Strategy to Design Sustainable City in Developing Countries a Case Study of Surabaya

Designing city with minimum ecological foot print is necessary. However, most cities in developing countries have lack ability to design it. Lack of budget, lack of technology, urbanization, rapid population and economic competitive pressure has created slum and waste (Zarsky & Tay, 2000). Article argues that environment policy should meet five criteria. It should have

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The Sustainability of Cultural Heritage for Community-Based Activity under Flood Disaster: A Case Study of Ayutthaya,Thailand

Ayutthaya Historical City was registered as a world heritage site by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 1991, was valued as one of the world heritage sites in Thailand. The main threat affecting on the existence of Ayutthaya heritage sites is at risk from natural disaster through a devaluation of the cultural

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Investigating Farm Land Ownership: Farm Land Owner’s Response to Regional Growth and Sustainable Agriculture in Indonesia

In Indonesia, farmland is necessary to meet increasing food demand caused by continuing population growth (WFP, 2009). Import restriction of rice (Kemendag, 2008) and progressive farmland conversion (BPS, 2003) have made the achievement of self sufficient rice so challenging. To secure rice production, farmland as main production capital must be preserved. In addition, sustainable agriculture

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A Simplified Mathematical Model to Predict the Thermal Physiological Responses of a Sleeping Person in Steady-State and Uniform Conditions

This paper reports on the simplified mathematical model to predict the thermal physiological responses of a sleeping person in steady-state and uniform conditions. By modifying Gagge’s two-node model and coupled with a mathematical model of predicting the total insulation value of a bedding system, a mathematical model for predict the thermal physiological responses of a

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Study of WEEE Collecting and Recycling Network in China

A large amount of WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment ) is generated in China every year. However, the recycling and treatment of WEEE in China just begins and there are many problems in the current situations. There are two recycling and treatment networks, one is formal and the other is informal. We examine the

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The Impact of Energy Transition on the O&G Supply Chain: A Content Analysis of Corporate Sustainability Reports

Concerns over environmental impact of oil and gas (O&G) and its future availability have resulted in increased call for transition to low carbon energy. Although various studies have been conducted on energy transition, few researchers studied the impact of the transition to O&G supply chain. Since O&G is one of the primary sources of energy,

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Border Adjustments under Unilateral Carbon Pricing: The Case of Australian Carbon Tax

In the absence of a global agreement to reduce emissions, Australia has adopted a carbon tax unilaterally to curb its own emissions. During the debate prior to passing the carbon tax legislation, there were concerns about the challenge that Australia’s emissions intensive and trade exposed (EITE) industries may face in terms of decreasing international competitiveness

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Energy Efficient Building Design: Revisiting Traditional Architecture

Energy Efficient design of buildings and their operations are becoming more and more important in the world. A building is a system that is linked to its surrounding environment and is subject to a range of interactions between the external conditions and the indoor comfort condition. Buildings are major consumers of energy in both their

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Environmental Impact Evaluation Using Cost Benefit Analysis and Multi Criterion Analysis: A Case Study of Rayong Province, Thailand

Rayong Province is a major industrial area in Thailand. For more than 30 years this province has served the demand of Thailand’s petro-chemical industries, mainly in the Map Ta Phut industrial zone. However, the industrialization of the area has resulted in many serious environmental and health problems, causing distrust and protests from the local people,

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The Potential of Tourist Attractions: A Case Study of 2 Rural Connecting Districts in the Western Part of Thailand

The area along the Thai-Burmese border in the western part of Thailand is dominated by mountain ranges lying in north-south direction. This area is enriched with national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and diversity of ethnic minority groups. Some of these places are promoted to be tourist attractions. However, sustainable tourism is still in its infancy. The

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A Multi-Sectoral, Multi-Household, General Equilibrium Model to Assess the Impact of a Carbon Price on the Australian Economy

The Australian government announced a tax of $23 per tonne of CO2 as a starting carbon price which commenced from 1 July 2012. The economic implications of this carbon price are projected using a descriptive Computable General Equilibrium model of the Australian economy titled A3E-G. With an explicit tax, the A3E-G model is capable of

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Enhancing Coral Reef Resilience Through Ecological Restoration: Concepts and Challenges

The coupling of environmental and anthropogenic stressors has driven global coral reefs to rapid decline. Furthermore, changing human demographics and growing dependence on coastal resources provided by corals reefs have underlined the need for immediate measures to ensure sustainable use of this key marine ecosystem. While passive management measures have been useful in retarding this

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Current Status of Coral Reef Restoration in Singapore

Since the mid 1960s, coral reefs in Singapore have been impacted by a variety of anthropogenic disturbances such as coastal development, land reclamation and dredging. While the supply of coral larvae in Singapore is non-limiting, the survival of new recruits is challenged in an environment of chronically high sediment loads and unconsolidated rubble that is

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Drylands Agriculture and Prevention Strategy of Environmental Agroecosystem Damage in Kabupaten Musi Rawas, South Sumatra

Until now, the use of drylands as a agricultural mode is severely lacking in Indonesia. Agriculture, Paddy farming in this sense, is done more in wetlands. In fact, the drylands area occupies the largest area of Indonesia. Besides that, the future of drylands has a strategic position in the agricultural development in Indonesia. Therefore, the

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Deteremination of Energy Consumption in Pest Control Using pesticides in New Zealand

This paper examines the energy consumption of pesticide applications in New Zealand. Energy use in pest control using pesticides is investigated in the horticultural, arable, pastoral and forestry sectors, based on30 different groups of farm products. On average, total energy consumption in pesticide applications in New Zealand was estimated at about 2,350,757 GJ. Energy use

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Conception of a New Water Collection System Using LiBr Solution for Dry Area

Nowadays the problem of water shortage and water pollution is very serious all over the world. Moreover, these limited water resources are faced with a very serious industrial and domestic pollution particularly in developing country like China. To solve the problem of water shortage, many methods have been proposed and studied. we designed a new

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Assessment of Productive and Environmental Efficiencies of Japanese Industries

The global warming and climate change becomes a major policy issue in the world. To partly deal with the climate change issue from economics and business strategy, this study proposes a use of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) as a methodology for productive and environmental efficiency assessment. The proposed DEA approach has been long serving as

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Assessment of the Analgesic Activity of Musa Paradisiaca Linn Peels of the Family Musaceae

Pain is the body’s alarm system and is triggered in the nervous system. It signals when something in the biosystem is going wrong. It has varied characteristics dependent on the individual and the circumstances. The Musa paradisiaca (L.) family Musaceae, commonly known as banana in English, is a perennial tree like herb grown indigenously in

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At the Grassroots Level of Diplomacy:A Research on the Perception of Indonesian Migrant Workers on Indonesian Diplomatic Corps

This research addressed the perception of Indonesian migrant workers on Indonesian diplomatic corps. This study also investigates the correlation between the proximity of the workers with the diplomatic corps and the impact on their perception on Indonesian diplomatic corps. These are important issues because Indonesian migrant workers have been a challenge for Indonesian diplomacy lately.

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How Does the Energy Industry Deal with Climate Change? Perception and Actions of the Energy Industry on Climate Change

The extent and pace of climate change is already beyond our expectation. It impacts are now experienced in every country. There is no time to lose; not only to mitigate green gas emission for slowing down the current pace of change, but also to learn how to live with expected impacts, which were induced by

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Emerging Issue in a Proper Recycling Technology for Printed Circuit Board Waste: A Pyrolysis Based Recycling Approach

At the present, treatment processes for non metallic fraction (NMF) from Printed Circuit Board (PCB) waste after mechanical recovery process of the precious metallic material are combustion, landfill or reuse as filler material. These cause secondary pollution and loss of natural resources. The most important aspect is the fact that (NMF) can be recovered as

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Analysis on Social Remittances as the Impact of International Migrationcase Study: The Return Migrant Women in East Java, Indonesia

The research examines the return migrant women remittances through social approaches. Remittances are mostly associated with economic contribution since they have given significant impact on increasing household income, influencing the exchange rate, and creating capital stock in most sending countries. Indonesia experiences a definite feminization of migrant labor force. The worker leaving Indonesia for Malaysia,

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Lost in Translation: First Year Physical Education Teachers Experiences with Teaching Sudanese Refugee Students

The purpose of this study was to analyse and explore the experiences of four first year physical education teachers who teach and have taught Sudanese Refugee Students. An interpretative approach was taken to understand the physical educators’ knowledge and understanding of the students learning styles. Data was collected from participant information sheets, interviews, discussion groups

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An Approach to Enhance the Use of Soft Landscape Principle’s to Save Energy in Housing Projects in Saudi Arabian Cities

The purpose of this paper is to encourage the application of landscape principles as an approach to save energy in housing projects in Saudi Arabian cities. The ultimate goal is to increase the decision makers’ awareness and appreciation of the importance of soft landscape principles to reduce energy consumption. Many concepts and guidelines are presented

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Evaluating the Initiative for the Integration of Regional Infrastructure in South America (IIRSA): Economic, Social and the Environmental Impacts in the Amazon Countries in the Cardoso and Lula Governments (1995-2010)

Since the 1990s Brazil began to take special interest in South American affairs, specifically during the presidencies of Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995-2002) and Luiz Inácio “Lula” da Silva (2003-2010), which resulted in the strengthening of “Mercado Comum do Sul” (MERCOSUL). During this period, countries with the highest economic growth were those located around the Pacific

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Poverty and Local Development in Mexico: Seeking Solutions

Nowadays, Mexico is involved in two important processes: in the economic sphere, the Mexican government is engaged in an ongoing process of integration into the international economy. On the political and social level, is building a solid democracy system. However, the two processes are complex and are often characterized by the forgetfulness of “local development”.

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The Development of Information Resources in Library Search System Based on RFID

The objectives of this research were to develop the development of information resources in library search system based on RFID. The research methodology was composed of three steps. Firstly, the IR form and model were synthesized through gathering and elicitation IR. Secondly, the IR system was analyzed, designed, and implemented. Last, the IR system was

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A Low Powered NAS-based Web Server for Small and Medium Enterprises

Small and Medium sized Enterprises or SMEs are companies that have a small number of personnel. In Thailand, SMEs outnumber large enterprise significantly. Both large and small enterprises have equal footing in term of their identities on the Internet. Some successful Internet-based firms do not operate brick and mortar stores and do business solely through

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A Model of Local Wisdom Transference Pertaining to the Making Palm Juice at Ban Paknam, Chachoengsao

This qualitative research aimed to study and develop a model of transferring local wisdom concerning how to make sugar palm juice at Ban Paknam, Chachoengsao Province, Thaland. The research sample consisted of local people of a village in Paknam Sub-District, Bangkhla, Chachoengsao, which two local experts conveyed the knowledge of making sugar palm juice, 16

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Exploring Sites for Sustainable Development in Bang-Khla, Thailand

The objective of this study was to explore specific sites, which could be developed and linked to the Bang-khla District of Chachoengsao’s floating market for sustainable tourism. The study consisted of a survey of important places in the Bang-khla District and nearby areas. Merchants and local people were interviewed on the impact of the floating

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A Study of the Protein Profile Related to Sweetness during the Developmental Stages of the Nam-Dokmai Mango (Mangifera indica)

Sugar production levels and protein profiles of Mangifera indica were examined in order to study their relationship during development. Sugar levels were analyzed over eight developmental stages using an ATAGO hand refractometer. The results showed that sugar was detected at stage two and remained at the same level through stage five, increased at stage six

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Curative Methods of Thai Traditional Medicine

The purpose of this study was to examine, identify, and accumulate all existing methods of Thai traditional medicine that were available in Chachoengsao Province, Thailand. All practitioners of a traditional system of medicine developed and selected methods of treatment, which had been existed in Thailand before the advent of European medicine, still flourish. Observing, interviewing,

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Thai Phuan Traditions in Globalization Era : A Case Study of a Village in Chacheongsao Province

The research objectives were to investigate the condition of Thai Phuan traditions in the current climate and to find out ways to revive and preserve their traditions. Qualitative methods for data collection and analysis were employed. The key informants were chosen through specific sampling. Data collection was used through specific sampling, participatory and non participatory

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The Development of 4 MAT Lesson Plans for Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division Combined for Prathomsuksa 3 Students

The study was aimed at developing the 4 MAT lesson plans with an efficiency criterion of 80/80. Efforts were made to study the effectiveness index of 4 MAT lesson plans, students’ learning achievement after learning using 4 MAT lesson plans, and students’ satisfaction after learning using 4 MAT lesson plans. The participants comprised of 22

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Factors Affecting the Market Mix of Hydroponics Vegetables, Seaweed, and Mushroom

This study was aimed at determining of factors affecting market mix of vegetables grown by hydroponics, seaweed, and mushroom, which would lead to market development of the processing products under Bangkla Natural Innovative project ofRajabhat Rajanakarindra University. The participants were consisted of 200 tourists who visited Chachoengsao province and general consumers living in Chachoengsao province.

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Future Governance and Disappearing Nations: Canaries in the Sustainability Mine?

A number of island nations (The Maldives, Kiribati, and Tuvalu) are disappearing. Their futures challenge the very notion of sovereignty, which, hitherto has depended on territoriality. What legal status should these nations have when they have lost their territory? How can they establish new territory? This paper examines the latest efforts to save these nations,

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Analysis Cost of Transportation of Fresh Cassava Roots in SaKaeo Province

This study was aimed to analyze the cost of transportation of cassava roots in Sa Kaeo province and developed guidelines to reduce the cost of transportation from farm to factory. It was found that cassavas were grown in nine districts of Sa Kaeo province in a total of 658,380 rai of land, where there were

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“Single Mothers” Between Law and Civil Society in Morocco

Throughout the world, Morocco is cited as an example of moderation and progressiveness in its attitudes and laws regarding women in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. However, despite this perception, several Moroccan laws contain deep inequalities for women, which marginalize and stigmatize them. Single mothers are among those women who suffer from

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The Model Development for Integrated Community Welfare Fund Network in the District Level: A Case Study of District in Thailand

This research was the participatory action research. The objectives were to collect the information about community welfare fund and situations of the disadvantages in the community, and to develop the model for integrated appropriate community welfare fund network with the local context according to social capitals and competencies. The study area covers 11 sub-district areas

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Developing Effective Government Responses to Climate Change: The Case of Australia

The international awareness and emphasis on global climate change has put pressure on national governments to prepare action plans to counter its impact. The imperative to act as quickly as possible is an added strain on national government agents who seek effective and timely responses to this complex problem. A country’s environmental policies are shaped

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A Distributed Coverage-based Connectivity Restoration in Wireless Sensor Networks

In recent years, wireless sensor networks have been widely used in many real-life scenari-os, and have become more and more important. However, network connectivity is necessary for sensor network applications. When some of sen-sor nodes fail (due to energy depletion or de-struction), it will cause the network disconnected. How to restore network connectivity is very

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Fish Amino Acid Efficiency in the Growth of Spirulina Platensis

This study looked at the efficiency of fish amino acid on the growth of Spirulina platensis in two samples of fish amino acid in five concentrations, i.e., 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 %. The first sample composed of fish and molasses in a 1:1 ratio; the second was 1:0.5. They were both allowed to

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The Tendency of Spatial Layout Changes in Design of Terraced Houses in Melaka Tengah, Malaysia

Terraced house modification has been a trend in recent years. It has been done excessively either with or without consent from the local authorities. However, there are no proper steps taken to overcome this problem. The reason is that terraced house modification has become a necessity for the resident to cater for the growing number

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Fashion as Communication: A Semiotic Analysis on Dagadu’s T-shirts as a Counter-hegemony toward Americanization

This paper elaborates how Dagadu as one of creative design producers in Indonesia employs a counter-hegemonic movement toward American culture that dominates Indonesians’ everyday life by parodying global symbols from America on its t-shirts. Gramsci distinguishes between coercive control which is manifest through direct force or the threat of force, and consensual control which arises

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The Role and Impacts of Social Media in Social Movements: “Example of the Arab Spring”

New communication networks provided by developments in internet technologies allow people to get more reliable and secure information or knowledge. Today people can get first hand information directly without using secondary sources. Needs of getting information from reliable sources among people have been rapidly increasing in the last years. After the increasing importance of internet

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Preliminary Findings on the Willingness to Participate in Oral Cancer Screening among the High-Risk People; A Study of a Muslim Predominant Community in Narathiwat, South Thailand

Objective: This research aimed to study the willingness to participate in oral screening among high risk people who have practiced long-term smoking and betel quid chewing in one Muslim predominant community in Narathiwat province, Thailand. Method: This cross-sectional study adopted five distinctive variables of the Health Belief Model Theory in explaining the willingness to participate

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The Subnational Local Governance Index in Mexico

The main purpose of this paper is to present the results of the use and construction of the methodological instrument called Subnational Local Governance Index (ISGL). That Index was built to contribute to the assessments of institutional capacities of local governments, in order to resolve public problems in Mexico. The Construction of that Index has

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An Empirical Study about Social Factors and Pro-environmental Behaviors in Southeast Asia

This study aims to investigate the various factors affecting environmental behaviors of the residents in ASEAN countries. To achieve the objective, the data from questionnaire survey “ASEAN Barometer 2009” (sample number of completed questionnaire = 9,080) were used to examine the relationships among demographic characteristics, information access, environmental concerns and environmental behaviors. The data were

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Japan and Japanese Image in Turkish Newspapers

Country image can be defined as the total of beliefs and impressions that one has about a particular country. Country image is created by different kinds of knowledge which are gained directly or indirectly over long periods of time. Todays, having positive image in the eyes of foreign countries are very important for all the

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Voluntary Contribution of Public Goods and Income Equality

If we consider the models of voluntary contributions of public goods, a neutrality theorem holds. In this theorem, a small redistribution of incomes between contributors does not affect each agent’s consumption in the equilibrium outcome. In contrast, a large redistribution of incomes changes the set of the contributors and each agent’s consumption. Especially, redistributions that

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Brand Marks as Messengers of Publicity for the City: The Level of Awareness of the City Brand Marks

The metropolitan cities which are getting biger and bigger together with the increasing of mechanization in production have caused some changes in people’s way of life and habits. In today’s world many cases such as fast spread of mass culture, typical habits of eating, drinking and having fun, revival of tourism, emerging new brand marks

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Engaging while Empowering Community:   A Case Study of Government’s Internet Access Distribution Program to Rural Community in Indonesia

This research examines the implementation of Indonesian government’s internet access distribution program to rural communities in Indonesia. The growing gap of I-poor and I-rich in most countries has brought about higher inequality in people’s literacy, opportunity, and economic achievement (Kagan, 2000). Indonesia, which varies in people characteristics and geographical land scape has experienced this matter

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Airlines Companies’ Usage Of Social Media: A Content Analysis of Airlines Companies’ Tweeter Messages

The developments in knowledge and information technologies provide new opportunities for corporations. Corporations are realizing the potential to build relationships with publics using social media.Twitter, as a popular microblogging tool, is a social media platform used by corporations. Twitter has the possibility of informing target audiences about publicity, services and promotions of companies. Additionally, companies

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Reducing Production Costs of Jasmine Rice with Quality Control Circle (QCC)

Our research objective was to find ways to reduce the cost of growing jasmine rice in Chachoengsao, Thailand. The finding revealed that the estimated costs of production were high up to 4,403.39 baht/rai with an average yield of 467.62 kg/rai. The transfer of technologywith a Quality Control Circle was proposed to reduce costs of production.

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Philanthropy, Transparency, and Mass Media in Indonesia; Sustainable Systems of Governance in the Media

Aceh Tsunami in Indonesia on December 26, 2004, is one point behind the changing functions of the media in Indonesia. At that time the media in Indonesia is not only a bearer of news of the disaster, but also the organizations collecting and channeling public funds. One of the media that Metro TV Through “Indonesia

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A Simulation and Genetic Optimization Framework for Optimizing Nitrogen Fertilization for Rice Crop

Precision agriculture is a technique that can enhance the current agricultural production system dramatically. Optimizing Nitrogen fertilization for rice crop is one of important research issues in Precision agriculture because it can decrease the cost of rice farming, reduce environmental pollution and increase grain yield. The optimal amount of N and schedules depend on several

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Job Resources and Job Performance of Universitas Terbuka’s Lectures

Institutional supports to lecturers/staff play a very important role in increasing the job performance. These supports include the availability of job resources (supervisor support, peer support, the conducive and harmonious environment-working atmosphere, and lecturer/staff’s autonomy in completing tasks and making decision). This descriptive study aims to find out the relationship and the influence between the

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Multi-track Diplomacy in China-Sudan Energy Relations

In January 2011, South Sudan voted overwhelmingly in a referendum for independence and the partition of Sudan took place in July 2011. The post-split environment did not bring the anticipated peace as the sides failed to agree on a number of outstanding territorial disputes. On the surface, the disputes are centered on the oil fields

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The Roles of ASTV Channel on Political Socialization: A Case Study of ASTV Channel Audiences in Maha SaraKham

The People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD)’s political rally resisting Thaksin system for 193 days is not only the longest rally in Thailand’s history, but also the new political phenomenon in television industry. The mentioned broadcast had audiences from across Thailand and eventually caused a major political change. Maha Sarakham has a political stronghold of the

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Sustainability of Customary Society: A Case Study of Lampung, Indonesia

Since the collapse of Soeharto’s dictatorship (1966-1998), the democratization and decentralization are in progress in Indonesia. Also got out of the financial crisis then, Indonesia is now enjoying the benefits of economic expansion. Here, we will discuss about the sustainability of custom (adat) amidst these changes based on the cases from Lampung, Indonesia. Lampung is

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Assessment and Filling of Gaps of the Anti-Dengue Program in the Philippines

Dengue outbreaks have claimed lives of Filipinos. It has no specific treatment yet but can be prevented and controlled. The Philippine Department of Health is continually doing its program to prevent Dengue and control it. This study generally aimed to assess the gaps in the management of programs against Dengue in the Philippines. Specifically it

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Reflection on Grammar Teaching Textbooks and the Underlining Approaches for Further Development: The Case of Teaching English as a Foreign Language

Although a wide range of theories and approaches for teaching grammatical rules of English have been extensively discussed in the research on English as a Foreign Language (EFL) pedagogy, the most convenient approach applied by the language teachers seems to be textbook-based. Yet, little has been done to analyze grammar textbooks and their underlying pedagogical

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Cloud-based LCA Management System for Environment-efficient Society

Recently year, the environmental problem has been the one of most important problem in the world. Inventory Database is improved and expanded to estimate environmental load such as GHG in each country. Meanwhile, it is needed to visualize for the executing of efficient policy: Evidence Based Policy. This visualization allows us to control the emission

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A Study on the Work Stress Sources, Consequences and Coping Strategies of Taiwan Airport Ramp Ground Staff

Airport ramp safety becomes an essential topic in global aviation safety. According to the estimation of Flight Safety Foundation, losses from apron damage cost the world’s air carriers in the vicinity of US $5 billion every year. Ramp operations suffering time pressure, all flight preparations have to be done within limited period and tend to

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The Relationship among Yoga Teaching, Leadership Type, and Student Motivation in Class Setting

In order to improve students’ learning, teacher needs to adapt various and useful techniques in class teaching. The efficient learning can be influenced by teacher’s personal leadership styles, personal characteristics, or teaching visual aids equipments. The purpose of this study was to investigate yoga teachers’ teaching strategies, teachers’ leadership types and influence upon students’ learning

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A Study in Information Usage Behavior of Students in Rajabhat Rajanagarindra University

The study has following objectives as: (1) to study information usage behavior of students in Rajabhat Rajanagarindra University, (2) to study about problems in information usage and (3) study about requirements of the students in information usage. Sample comprised of 300 students. Data were collected by questionnaires analyzed by percentage, mean and SD. The results

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Status and Trends of Renewable Energy Development in Gaza Strip

Gaza Strip is 360 km with a high density population of about 4,118 people / km2, so Gaza Strip represents one of the most densely populated areas in the World. As the population in Gaza Strip increases (population growth rate 2.7 % year), the consumption of water and energy will increase; leading to significant rise

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Implications of spatial sustainability on the territorial planning framework in a transition country

Sustainable development involves a synergic integration of social, economic, environmental, and cultural issues to a multi-scale hierarchy of territorial systems. This sentence underlines the importance of the territorial dimension of sustainability, in addition to the need for a systemic approach, and has special implications over spatial planning, accounting for the entire process related to landscapes,

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Modeling of a Single-Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell Using Glycerin as an Energy Source

A bio-electrochemical system of microbial fuel cell (MFC) can operate on wastewater and various organic substances. One of the promising energy sources is crude glycerin waste from biodiesel production. Similar to any process, MFC needs accurate computational models for modifications and optimization of the system. We propose a comprehensive computational modeling of a membrane-less single-chamber

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Adapting the Design Principles of Business Dashboards for Visualizing Status and Trends of River Water Quality –  A Case Study of Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia

Monitoring of river water quality is an essential part of environmental management activities. It is generating new data periodically, which are hard to keep track of with multiple pages of traditional reports or spreadsheets. A dashboard that can show a graphical presentation of the current status and historical trends of river water quality is needed

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Introduction of Renewable Energy into City-Chino in Nagano

City-Chino is located at the foot of Mount Yatsugatake in the central Japan. Its elevation ranges from 800 to 1300m above sea level. This area can be characterized by long sunshine duration and a large elevation difference, which are both favorable to the renewable energy. Accordingly, the first author, a civil servent of the local

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Widening Access or Narrowing Student Choice? The Re-emergence of Elitism in the Uk Higher Education System

Higher education systems in many parts of the world have struggled to reconcile falling state support with widening access and increasing participation of previously excluded groups. Evidence from the UK higher education system suggests that this tension has led to the re-emergence of a bifurcation of the education system along social class lines. This paper

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Collaboration for SUCCESS in Science

Project SUCCESS (Science Understanding through a Collaborative Commitment to Enduring Student Success) is a collaborative effort to improve elementary school science teaching and learning in a northeastern state in the US. This project is in response to the need to address the under-preparedness of K-6 teachers to teach science that is often reported in the

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The Safety and Behavior of the Machinery Practical Training Factories in Campus

This study is about a survey on the safety and behavior of the practical training factories in colleges, and the study object is a practical training factory in a technical college in Taiwan, separately based on the college department like mechanical engineering, automatic engineering and industrial management. We use statistics analysis software SPSS to sampling

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Extracting Work from Environmental Thermal Energy via a Process Involving Two ‘Spontaneous’ Entropy Transfers

Previous work described an entrochemical system, an energetically closed system which spontaneously creates an internal thermal gradient. This work developed a theoretical description of such systems. The systems can be linked together to increase the overall thermal gradient. This thermal gradient may be used to enable water distillation. In this paper we complete the circle

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Diversity in Teaching in the Classroom

Being a good teacher involves having a variety of skills, from being able to connect with students to classroom management, organization, understanding learning styles, providing engaging activities, and much more. When all of these things come together, they can create a fun and effective learning atmosphere. One of the most rewarding parts of teaching is

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Critiquing of Higher Education Policy in Saudi Arabia: A Neoliberalism Approach

In this paper, we aim to step back in time and speak more broadly on the aspect of higher education policy in Saudi Arabia.  We will argue that the post 9/11 context of education in Saudi Arabia has brought into a new paradigm of thinking away from what McCarthy et al. (2009) call “safe harbors”

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Motivation and Attitudes Towards Learning and Using English Outside the Classroom Environment: A Study of the Library and Information Science Undergraduates at the University of Tsukuba

This purpose of this study is to investigate the different social and cultural factors related to Japanese university students’ motivation and attitudes towards speaking English outside the formal classroom environment. A self-constructed questionnaire was administrated to a group of third- and fourth-year undergraduate students in June 2012. These Japanese students were learning English as a

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Multilingualism as a Fact, a Right, and a Teaching and Learning Resource for Developing Intercultural Awareness and Honouring Diversity in International Baccalaureate Programmes

Recent rapid globalization has resulted in a shift in classroom demographics; increasingly, a community of learners consists of students from diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds and often many of them must access the curriculum in a language other than their mother tongue. In some contexts this has been construed as a problem. However, recognising the

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A Study of Chinese University Students’ Usage of Logical Connectors in English Argumentations, Descriptions and Narrations

Logical connectors are important cohesive devices in written discourse to guide readers through texts. This study aims to examine the cognitive activities that the Chinese university students perform while adopting adversative, causal and temporal logical connectors in English argumentations, descriptions and narrations. It also investigates the factors which explain for the Chinese students’ behaviors of

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Grammatical Errors Analysis of the First Year English Major Students, Udon Thani Rajabhat University

The purposes of this research were; 1.) to investigate types of grammatical errors made by the first year English major students, Udon Thani Rajabhat University, 2.) to explain characteristics of the errors and give examples of the errors in order to find out the proper ways to solve those errors. Data was collected from 49

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Learning Strategies for the Success of EFL Learners : An Evaluation in the Context of Jazan University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

This paper has examined how Language learning strategies are the key factors for the success of EFL/ESL learners at Jazan University in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how these factors influence the rate and ultimate success of FLA/SLA. There were 81 students participated in this study and

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Genre Analysis Approach in Teaching

Applying genre analysis as a rich analytical tool in a study in a state university in Indonesia, the writer has revealed the students’ ability and problems in writing a research methodology chapter in their research proposal. It is found that most students faced difficulties in presenting arguments in terms of justification of the choice of

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English Language Teachers’ Self-Efficacy & Self-Awareness and Their Students’ Achievement

Teachers in general and language teachers in particular are believed to have a crucial role in the success or failure of each educational system.. Among the many characteristics of teachers, this study aimed to examine the relationship between the self -efficacy (SE) and self -awareness(SA) language teachers (female=77, M=70) and their students’ achievement in intermediate

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Examining the Anxiety, Stress and Motivation of Novice NESTs

Anxiety, stress and motivation are often discussed from the English language learner’s perspective, but these terms can also apply to the language teacher. More specifically, novice Native English Speaking Teachers (NESTs) working in foreign countries may experience these phenomena both in and outside of the classroom due to the vast cultural variations between their home

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The Propriety of the Native Speaker: World Englishes and the NEST/NNEST Dichotomy

Discriminating teachers’ pedagogical and professional skills, solely on the basis of accent, physical appearance, and native speaker status is unfounded and unethical. The growing number of English language learners worldwide correlates to an increasing number of nonnative English speaking teachers (NNESTs) and native English speaking teachers (NESTs). Unfortunately, NNESTs have not always shared equal status

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Intercultural Communication

This workshop session provides an overview of pertinent research and major theories related to communicating with people of different cultural backgrounds, as well as fun and useful techniques and strategies to use in international classrooms, school offices, and businesses. Save as a Favourite

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Focused Instruction of Formulaic Language: Use and Awareness in a Japanese University Class

While there exists a growing body of research on the nature and functions of formulaic language, there remains a paucity of analysis of the ways language teachers may implement this knowledge in their classrooms, and the relative effectiveness of teaching techniques. Formulaic language, generally defined as multiword units of language with particular functions and meanings

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The Benefits of Encouraging Learners to Notice Their Errors

The main purpose for conducting the research presented in this paper was to explore the possible benefits of encouraging learners to notice their errors. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected on both experimental ( n = 28) and control ( n = 28) groups over a semester at a private university in intensive English

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Swot Analysis and Setting up a Virtual Professional Environment in Esp Teaching

This research is devoted to incorporating the Internet into pre-career ESP learning environment. Unlike GE career-oriented ESP learning is not a mere goal of language study, but a tool of learning profession. This spells instructional consequences, the teacher needs content-focused competent resources, the student requires a well structured career-related guidance. The main obstacle in pre-career

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Interactive English Teaching: Effects on Students’ Performance

The problem of this study is: How does interactive English teaching affect students’ communication skills? This study described the profile of the students in terms of gender, Intelligent Quotient level and achievement in previous English course these variables were made as the basis for grouping of the students into two-the Interactive Group and the Traditional

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Opinions on English Teaching Large Classes as Perceived by English Teachers at Burapha University

Thai students need to improve their weak English proficiency for the completion of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015. The drawback of the improving is that there are not enough English teachers for increased students. The way to solve this problem is teaching in large class containing more than 60 students. Therefore, the objective of

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Excuse My Konglish

This paper is about “Korean English (Konglish)”. The impression that Koreans have of Konglish is that it is ‘bad’ or ‘incorrect’ English because of how it is used among Koreans. Foreigners cannot understand it unless they learn it but Koreans understand it when spoken among themselves. A major concern is that unlike American English, British

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Difficulties and Challenges in Teaching English as the Second and Foreign Language

To support the rapid growth of globalization a common language is badly needed. Fortunately English has got the honor to become that common language for communicating among the different nations. It is the language of choice in most countries of the word. Though English is the mother tongue of the United Kingdom, they alone cannot

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From Direct Method to Immersion in Adult L2 Learning. Hidden Aspects

This study examines the use and uptake of iPads in two technology-free Spanish pre-school classrooms. The study was framed by a socio-cultural perspective and an action research process. Data sources included videos of 42 four-year olds and their engagement in play and literacy activities before the iPads were introduced in the two classrooms, and while

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Errors Analysis in Hanyu Pinyin Pronunciation among Undergraduates from Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Engineering Campus

Mandarin is a tone language which means every Mandarin word has a fixed tone; if a tone is changed, the meaning of the word will change. Therefore, identifying the Hanyu Pinyin pronunciation mistakes is important and should be prioritized by the Mandarin language instructors. Numerous pronunciation errors were identified among the undergraduates who are the

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L2 Writing Challenges for the Undergraduates: A Performance Analysis and a Literature Review on SIL Domains

English is used as a second language (L2) in Malaysia with a great emphasis in tertiary education as the medium of instruction, the most important subject in the curriculum, and a mandatory subject for all undergraduates. Yet, the university lecturers share a common view that students find it difficult to perform satisfactorily, particularly in writing

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Board Game Design and Publication to Teach English for Specific Purposes

Board games provide a social atmosphere that digital based learning environments are still having a hard time recreating. This is in part due to the shared experiences created by playing together face to face. Using board games in an English classroom can be a great instrument for increasing motivation among students to communicate. However it

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What Goes on in Foreign Language Learners’ Minds? Planning Research to Explore EFL Motivation, EFL Anxiety and EFL Learning Strategies

Learning a second language is a complex task and one that is becoming more and more popular as the world becomes smaller. Within Taiwan, English is taught in elementary, middle and senior high schools as part of the compulsory education as well as in specialised courses in universities and cram schools. However, despite all this

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The Advantages of a Cognitive Stylistic Analysis of a Literary Text in the Teaching of English to Grade Seven Students in the Philippines

In the Revised 2010 Secondary Education Curriculum of the Philippines, the teaching of English focuses more on literary competence rather than critical thinking skills and communicative competence. Reading selections written in Philippine English are also given to Grade Seven students who, unfortunately, are not yet fully prepared to take in large amounts of texts making

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Early Foreign Language Education in Europe – Challenges in Materials Design for Young Learners

The paper will describe the policy of foreign language education of young learners in Europe and list the factors important in the teaching process including age of the learners, teachers’ qualifications as well as procedures and materials. In particular, the paper will focus on teaching and learning materials used in early foreign language education. The

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Gender, Self-Motivating Strategies Use and Foreign Languge Grade

There is a need empirical data concerning gender differences in students` self-regulation of foreign language learning motivation. Therefore two research problems were formulated: do male and female foreign language learners differ in terms of self-motivating strategies use? Is foreign language grade related differently with foreign language learning motivation and self-motivating strategies use in men and

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The Issues of Task Complexity in Oral Test Tasks

Since the introduction of communicative language teaching and models of communicative competence, approaches to testing have evolved. Instead of tests being based on traditional psychometric methods of measuring isolated pieces of grammar and vocabulary knowledge, tests are increasingly focusing on measuring the ability to use accurately and appropriately in communicative contexts. This has led to

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The Sense Development of English Preposition: A Case of ‘at’, ‘on’, ‘in’ with Loglinear Analyses of CHILDES Database

The aim of this study is to figure out the development of spatial and temporal senses in L1 acquisition. Since ‘TIME IS SPACE’ metaphor has been proposed that the temporal sense has been acknowledged as the one derived from the spatial sense. However, in the previous study on English preposition ‘on’ (Jun and Lee 2009),

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A Study of EFL Preservice Teachers’ Perceptions of Non-native English Teachers

Frequent quizzing is one of the major factors motivating students to study. The clicker system was a promising technology but has some limitations. Most of the universities in the developing countries do not have it and some instructors have problem using it. In this study, a system based on SMS is suggested. Mobiles phones are

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English as a Second Language; Engaging the Early Years through Interactive Tablet Application Software

An interactive tablet application for the new Microsoft Surface has been developed that targets early years of primary school education (kindergarten students) for improvement in English literacy and linguistic skills. The application services remote learning in English as a second language and is developed in accordance with school curricula and learning objectives, in collaboration with

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The Effects of the Thai Phonological and Writing Systems on Spelling and Writing in English: A Case Study of Burapha University Students

Thai has unique phonological structures, which contrast with other languages. Crucially, the fact that Thai lacks certain English consonant phonemes in its phonological system has created problems for Thai learners of EFL in accommodating and pronouncing English sounds, particularly the consonant ones. This could result in ambiguity and miscommunication e.g. ‘tin’ instead of ‘thin’ due

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Empowering English Language Learners:  The Importance of Developing Critical Literacy Skills

For some time, listeners and readers have been regarded as active participants in the complex and interactional nature of negotiating meaning (Savignon, 2001). However, many of those who are learning English do not have equal access to the skills of understanding the social practices in which reading and writing are embedded (Clark, 1995). For English

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“Dear Pro.”, an Examination of the Format Used in Chinese Students’ E-mails

E-mail has become a widely used medium of communication in the academic and business communities. As language educators, we need to ensure that learners acquire successful language skills in these contexts. This study investigates the format used by Chinese university students when writing e-mails in English to their professors. Most of the previous research has

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A Study of Vocabulary Learning Strategies, Learning Achievements, and Cognitive Styles among the Junior High School Students in Taiwan

This study investigates the use of vocabulary learning strategies among EFL junior high school students in Taiwan, finds the differences in vocabulary learning strategy use between high- and low-proficiency learners, and explores the relationship between the use of vocabulary learning strategies and cognitive styles. A vocabulary learning strategy questionnaire, vocabulary achievement test, and Hidden Figures

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Communication Strategy Research among Japanese EFL Learners『日本人学習者間のコミュュニケーション戦略の研究』

This research represents a year-long longitudinal study into the affects of communication strategy instruction on Japanese EFL learners’ linguistic proficiency. The paper replicates research carried out by Nakatani (2005) and aims to equip learners with the linguistic and problem-solving skills to overcome linguistic barriers. The findings indicate clearly that influence of prominent socio-cultural factors have

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Investigating Tertiary Students’ Autonomy in Out-of-Class EFL Learning

Autonomy in language learning has been a key discussion in the realm of language teaching and learning for more than 30 years. However, to date, much research on autonomy was mainly focused on fostering learner autonomy in the classroom context. Autonomy in out-of-class learning is less paid into attention. According to Benson (2006: 26), out-of-class

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First Language Acquisition Theories and Transition to SLA

First language (L1) acquisition studies have been an interesting issue to both linguists and psycholinguists. A lot of research studies have been carried out over several decades to investigate how L1 or child language acquisition mechanism takes place. The end point of L1 acquisition theories leads to inter-language theories, which eventually lead to SLA research

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L2 Acquisition of Reference Time of Epistemic Modality in English by L1 Thai Speaking Children

Demirdarche, and Uribe-Etxebarria (2008) argue that the reference time of the modal complement in English results from the interplay between the semantic properties of modals and the aspect of the verbal complement. Unlike English, the reference time of the modal complement in Thai is indicated by temporal adverbials or contexts (Yangklang 2011: 35). Thus, the

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Does Deeper Processing Lead to a Better Recall Result?— A Study on Second Language Vocabulary Learning

This study surveyed Chinese EFL learners about what activities they do after class to enhance the memorization of English vocabulary. Based on the survey responses and the framework of levels of processing (Craik and Lockhart, 1972), three tasks were designed to induce different levels of processing of a word list. Task 1 was a phonological

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The Concept of Mat Rempit (Illegal driving in Malaysia)- A Study from Malaysia

A qualitative study were implemented to shape again for getting idea about rempit (fast driving) by considering a group namely Mat Rempit (Illegal motor driving in Malaysia) . This study uses two interview methods. They are: interview individual and focus group interview. The first method involves 16 individual that have been involved with activity rempit

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Using Signs and Symbols in Teaching English Language in Global Perspective

Using signs and symbols defuses the need of using any other language or medium in teaching English. With the help of popular sings and symbols of a region, the method attempts to denote the functioning mechanics of English language and creates many simple and multi- dimensional visual mediums to incorporate the most common words, ideas,

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The Implementation of New Curriculum 2013 and the Issues of English Language Teaching and Learning in Indonesia

The importance of English as world language and the education reform envisaged through several changes in national curriculum play an important role in the development of English language teaching in Indonesia. This paper highlights some constraint and resources related to the implementation of new curriculum 2013 in Indonesia especially in context of English language teaching

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A Design of an Interactive Multimedia Learning Environment for Supporting Reading Skills of Deaf Individuals

The purpose of this paper is to develop an interactive multimedia learning environment to promote reading skills for deaf children based on see and learn. The authors of this study focus on the idea that children should have the potential to develop learning to read based on the conceptual framework of see and learn which

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Association between the Simple Past and Emergence of the Present Perfect in EFL Learners’ Writing

Previous research have shown that tense and aspect are acquired in a particular order and tense is usually acquired before aspect. The purpose of this investigation was to test the claim that learners in general must master the simple past (SP) at an accuracy rate of 85.9% before they begin to acquire the present perfect

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Intercultural Training in Foreign Language Education: Using Video to Develop Cultural Awareness and Cultural Self-awareness of Japanese College Students

A long time has passed since the trend of English education in Japan shifted from grammar translation methods for acquiring English knowledge to using a communicative approach regarding foreign language learning as one kind of communication activities. English education and intercultural communication education share important commonalties in their purposes. The current English education at high

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The Diversity of Languages and Cultures: Bridge or Barrier?

If Babel, language diversity has created a barrier to communication as a direct result, “dispersion” of the human race, the need to communicate in plantation companies, between master and slave, was giving a positive constraint birth to Creole. “Not only an encounter, a shock a mix, but a new dimension that allows everyone to be

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Face the Book & Facebook

Blended learning focuses on combining a specific percentage of online curriculum and instruction in a face-to-face setting. In this study, the adoption of Facebook as an additional tool in teaching communicative English skills to prepare international students from non-English speaking countries for tertiary education in Malaysia is discussed; based on the Leapfrog Principle. The study

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Generation 1.5: from Struggling to Flourishing

Globalization has increased the immigration trend. Generation 1.5 – youth born in their home countries, who immigrated to another country with their families and received education there – is increasing in population in many parts of the world. As the young immigrants struggle to adjust their identity, many have developed a new mindset from living

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Investigating Native Speakers’ Intelligibility Ratings and Comments about Japanese EFL Speakers’ Speech

In this study, we investigated Japanese EFL (JEFL) speakers’ intelligibility rated by two groups of native speakers of English, a peer group and a teacher group, and their comments on the speech samples. Reading and spontaneous speech samples were collected twice, pre- and post study abroad from seven JEFL students who visited North America for

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Understanding Politeness in the Indian Way- A Study of Girish Karnad’s  “Nagamandala” and Vijay Tendulkar’s “Silence! The Court is in Session”

Politeness is a culture specific and context-bound phenomenon. While engaging in conversation with somebody, several factors are taken into account like sociological and interpersonal factors such as status, inferiority- superiority, formality or informality of relation, age group etc. These factors could lead to various instances of face threatening acts among speakers and hearers. This research

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Teaching Philosophy and Tutors: Student Expectations

The expansion of open distance learning the past years resulted in renewed interest in teaching technologies. Higher education institutes worldwide are becoming aware of the need to adapt to changes in teaching and the use of technology. Even traditional contact universities are opting for distance education as an additional method of tuition thereby needing to

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The Development of Web-Based Instruction on Research Proposal for Undergraduate Students at RMUTL,Thailand

There is a general agreement that national multimedia is an effective tool to acquire knowledge. However, more than a half of new and interesting information in the 21st century are displayed in the international language of English. This article, therefore, aims to explore the impact of international multimedia proposed on facebook on the capability of

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Technology and Struggling Readers: The Ticket to a Brave New Future

Technology is changing the way reading is taught and is adding new possibilities to existing pedagogical practices. The challenge for educators is to effectively incorporate new technologies in the reading classroom to effectively introduce students to the experience and benefits of multi modal texts. As Larson (2009) notes, multimodal text experiences are common for learners

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Wiwat Meesuwan (2012) Development of the Instructional Package Together with Augmented Reality, Pitsanulok, Naresuan University

This study included four objectives; 1) to examine the components of the teaching and learning package together with the Augmented Reality, 2) to develop the teaching and learning package together with the Augmented Reality based on the components studied, and 3) to compare the pre-learning and post-learning achievement of the learners, 4) to explore the

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The Practice and Effects of Using Weblogs to Motivate EFL Non-English Majors to Read and Write in English Online

With the remarkable advances in digital technologies, much attention has been paid to how Internet-mediated resources can be effectively used in ELT. To motivate my Taiwanese EFL students of non-English major, most of whom are heavy Internet users, to read extensively in English and share their responses to what they read with their peers online,

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Using SMS for Conducting Quizzes with Instant Checking of Answers

Depending upon the target learners, the purpose of teaching a foreign language varies. It can be explicit, as in teaching military cadets, astronauts, Red Cross volunteers, or wide-ranging, as in teaching high school students, Intermediate learners or students of Arts and Education. Specific purposes have so much been emphasised that the wide-ranging purpose is eclipsed.