Psychological Distress and Its Relationship to Burnout Among Academicians in Malaysia


Introduction: Academicians has multiple roles such as teaching and learning responsibilities, producing impactful publications, applying grants and administrative duties. The objective of this study was to ascertain the prevalence of burnout and its relationship to psychological distress among academicians in Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving academicians and non-academicians from UiTM was conducted. Questionnaires on sociodemographic and work details, Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) were sent to their university and alternative email addresses. Results: A total of 412 staff participated in the study with the mean age of 38.8 years old (SD=7.93). Majority of the participants were female, Malays, married and have at least Master’s degree. Among the 412 participants, 216 were academicians. Academician demonstrated greater burnout levels when compared to non-academician with regards to personal matters (t411= 4.33, p < .001), work matters (t407= 3.19, p < .005) and client matters (t411= 3.51, p < .001). Academician demonstrated greater psychological distress when compared to non-academician in depression (t409= 2.80, p < .01), anxiety (t409= 2.10, p < .05) and stress (t408= 2.58, p < .05). Correlational analyses indicated moderate to high correlation between psychological distress and burnout due to work, personal and client where higher burnout was associated with higher psychological distress. Conclusions: This study found that academicians have higher levels of psychological distress as compared to non-academicians and this contributed to their burnout in terms of their personal, work and clients related matters.

Author Information
Salina Mohamed, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Norley Shuib, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Azlina Wati Nikmat, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Nurul Azreen Hashim, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Nor Jannah Nasution Raduan, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2020
Stream: Mental Health

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon