The aim of this research is to examine the roles of six core components in emotional awareness in the severity of anxiety in youth in order to provide early identification and training in Hong Kong. In this research, 4647 local students (N=4647, M=1982, F=2350) aged from 12-18 (M=15, SD=1.88) are invited to participate voluntarily. They are requested to fill the self-reported questionnaires: Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders, SCARED and Emotion Awareness Questionnaire, EAQ-30. Students with caregivers’ consents and capable to read the questionnaires are included while those of whom not intend to join, incapable to read, questionnaires with incomplete answers, more than one answer or cannot be read are excluded from the research. Our research finding shows that with the MANOVA analysis, there is statistical significance between core components of emotional awareness and severity of anxiety (F(6,4002)=290.86, p<.001, η2=.304). It indicates that differentiating emotions and bodily awareness of emotions within the six core components have the strongest influence on the severity of anxiety. Meanwhile, sleeping quality is discovered to have a moderate effect between emotional awareness and anxiety severity. Moreover, the finding also shows that gender difference can be an initial factor in anxiety to help explain the reasons for higher anxiety in females than male which implicates the importance of emotional regulation. By and large, our result indicates that differentiating emotions and bodily awareness of emotions along with gender difference is paramount to affect the severity of anxiety while sleeping quality may be a moderator.
Wing Nam Ho, Baptist Oi Kwan Social Service, Hong Kong
Hiu Ying Lok, Baptist Oi Kwan Social Service, Hong Kong