Smart wearable devices are new tools for promoting healthy lifestyles in modern society. Health-promoting lifestyles are a multidimensional pattern of actions and perceptions that contribute to maintaining and enhancing an individual’s wellness. Smartwatches have various features, such as self-monitoring, goal setting, just-in-time feedback, and rewards. They may help individuals have health-promoting lifestyles through interesting self-regulation and health education. This study aimed to explore the effect of smart wearable devices on health-promoting lifestyles and quality of life. The proposed method involved a single-group experimental design conducted for 3 months. Participants were required to use a commercially available smartwatch under a free-living condition, including ASUS vivoWatch and Mi wristband 3. Measurement was performed using a self-administered questionnaire covering a health-promoting lifestyle profile with a single question about the quality of life and background for data collection before and after the intervention. Data were subjected to descriptive analysis and dependent t-test. Forty-two participants (40.48% males) with a mean age of 28.32±6.06 years completed the experiment. Results revealed that two domains in health-promoting lifestyles, namely, health responsibility (t=2.01, p=.049) and exercise (t=3.81, p<.001), significantly improved after the intervention. The participants’ quality of life also significantly enhanced after the intervention (t=2.50, p=.016). Therefore, smart wearable devices are beneficial to individuals’ health actions and perceptions about wellness. Smartwatches provide multiple-featured techniques to motivate wearers into engaging in regular exercise and increasing self-responsibility for their health via self-awareness. Future smart wearable devices should be designed to develop health-promoting lifestyles.
Hsin-Yen Yen, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan