Can Mental Health Be Predicted? A Study About Anxiety Degree, Impulsive Behavior, and Mental Distress of College Students

Abstract

As more and more college students have impulsive behavior and even cause mental distress because of depression or anxiety. The study explored the similarities and differences in Anxiety Degree, Impulsive Behavior, and Mental Distress across six groups of faculty in different gender. Self-Description questionnaire was employed, and there were 1,010 college students participated in this research. Owing that there were 12 students showing incomplete questionnaires or invalidity, there were 998 data used in this research (M=622, 62%; F=376, 37%), and the correct ratio is 98.81% (Faculty of Liberal Arts=160, Faculty of Science=174, Faculty of Engineering=306, Faculty of Management=167, Faculty of Marine Sciences=112, and Faculty of Social Sciences=79). The data collected were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, regression analysis, and SPSS 20.0 software was used. The research main findings are as follows: Firstly, t-test with genders shows that there is significant difference in Anxiety Degree, female is higher than male, but there are no significant differences in Impulsive Behavior and Mental Distress. Secondly, one-way ANOVA shows that there are significant differences in all groups with faculty. In the group with Anxiety Degree, Liberal Arts and Science are higher than Engineering. Besides, in the group with Impulsive Behavior, Science is higher than Management. Moreover, in the group with Mental Distress, Liberal Arts and Science are higher than Management. Finally, Anxiety Degree and Impulsive Behavior can predict Mental Distress, explained ratio is 68.4%. According to the findings, this study provides some suggestions for teachers, psychologists, and future researchers in the end.



Author Information
Meng-Hsuan Tsai, Fo Guang University, Taiwan
Kuo-Chang Huang, Fo Guang University, Taiwan
Yong-Lin Chang, Fo Guang University, Taiwan

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2020
Stream: Mental Health

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