Towards the end of 20th century, ever-increasing pressures for the need of sustainable development have re-shaped our way of thinking in which sustainability is now widely accepted as a top priority. Most of the economic and social activities are provided via transportation. Thus, it is of great importance to achieve sustainable transportation for sustainable development, especially from the point of energy and carbon dioxide emission reduction. However, transportation systems are complex and involve social, economic and environmental aspects which call for employing a holistic approach rather than conventional methods. System dynamics (SD) is such a holistic methodology for studying and managing complex systems in order to make integrated assessments and policy decisions. While its conception and early applications have been mainly related to industrial applications (frequently referred to “industrial dynamics”), it has also been used recently for the analysis of transportation systems. The aim of this study is to explore the feasibility of SD for transportation-related energy consumption, CO2 emissions, health impacts, and economics by conducting a critical literature review of SD applications in the urban transportation field. Through the end of paper, implications and results of the review are shared as the conclusion in addition to further research areas in the field.
Irfan Batur, Qatar Foundation - Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar
Muammer Koç, Qatar Foundation - Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar
Stream: Economic Sustainability: Environmental Challenges and Economic Growth
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