Bureaucracy in the Power-Dependence of Domestic Politics and Linkage in Foreign Policy


The domestic politics and foreign policy have relevance. The policy-making actors in domestic politics are bureaucracy, party and parliament. Especially, bureaucracy is the most influential actor in policy-making. This paper will discuss how bureaucracy affects foreign policy. This paper consists of three parts. First, described is how various Ministries coordinate with the policy networks. In Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) bargaining, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry promote TPP because TPP develops the economic growth and linkage. But Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries oppose the TPP because of TPP�fs risk in agriculture. Furthermore, Prime Minister and majority of Liberal Democratic Party of Japan promote TPP, but the minority of the Diet opposes TPP. Second, I will investigate how bureaucracy affects foreign policy. In Japan, traditionally, Ministry of Foreign Affairs has been deciding diplomacy, but recently, various Ministries and politicians have become the actors of foreign policy. In Japan-EU EPA bargaining, various ministries and politicians have conflict in interest. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry promote the Japan-EU EPA because the EPA makes the economic growth and linkage, but Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and Fisheries and Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism oppose the Japan-EU EPA because of problems with agriculture and train. Finally, I will analyze the relevance of domestic politics and foreign policy from the viewpoint of the power-dependence and interdependence.

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Yoshihiro Nagata, Nagoya University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: IICSSDubai2017
Stream: Politics, Public Policy, Law & Criminology

This paper is part of the IICSSDubai2017 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon