The Influence of Political Economy Context on Policy Reform: Primary Education Curricula Reform in Egypt


The main research statement the current paper will try to examine is; how the turbulent political and economic conditions that Egypt has been passing through since 25th January 2011 affected the trends of reform in primary education? more specifically curricula reform trends. The main hypothesis of this research is that the Egyptian successive governments perceived curricula reform as a keystone in primary education reform.Therefore, Egyptian government endured some extended effort in that regard during Mubarak's reign,and allowed some Non Profitable organizations to work in cooperation with the ministry of Education and Pedagogy on reforming curricula within a limited freedom. The obvious shift that could be alleged is when Muslim Brotherhood got to power late 2011. MB sought feverishly to change the primary education curricula; however the intended outcomes didn't target improving the quality of the education process generally, rather than serving their controlling plan over state apparatus. Muslim Brotherhood efforts' deeply targeted neither education quality issues nor giving more attention to issues related to building a new generation that believes in democratic values. The impact of the curricula development process could be described as limited to great extent. The strong centralized grip that State has been exercising over the curricula reform process could partly explain that. Moreover, it has been always circulated in an implicit way in media and among researches circles that there have been some interest networks that have exercise a direct influence to keep that status quo of the current situation.

Author Information
Maha Ahmed Khalil Nouman, Cairo University, Egypt

Paper Information
Conference: IICEDubai2017
Stream: Primary and secondary education

This paper is part of the IICEDubai2017 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon