This study aims to investigate the cross-cultural social skills adopted by Japanese people in Turkey, relating to the construction of satisfactory interpersonal relationships with Turkish Muslims. Eighteen Japanese people living in Turkey were asked concerning coping strategies used to overcome interpersonal difficulties (Nakano & Tanaka, 2015) and behaviors used to form good relationships by conducting a semi-structured interview. Responses were summarized through the KJ method. The results indicated that the subjects made use of two coping strategies; cognitive, understanding and tolerating cultural, religious norms and characteristics or differences; and behavioral, accommodating behaviorally to those characteristics and differences through observation and mimicry. The contents of these coping strategies can be largely grouped into three categories; 1) Religious norms, 2) Frank self-expressions and 3) Behavior as manner or common sense, and eleven small categories (e.g. Discussion about religion, Consideration to Religious practice, Individual private space, Greetings).These coping strategies and behaviors were perceived as being both effective and viable by seven native Turkish people. Conclusively, this study was able to identify the specific social skills that proved effective in interpersonal relationships with Turkish Muslims.
Sachiko Nakano, Okayama University, Japan
Tomoko Tanaka, Okayama University, Japan
Stream: Psychology and Education
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