Absolute Totality, Causality, and Quantum: The Problem of Metaphysics in the Critique of Pure Reason

Abstract

Kants metaphysics which says that the absolute whole of magnitude has nothing to do with any possible experience presses him to think of a thing in itself, which is merely intelligible. The difficulty is related to the issue of the absolute totality of series of conditions in connection with the issue of the absolute magnitude of the series in the world of sense, which looms as the antinomy of pure reasons. Is it possible to solve this problem, in such a way that we can comprehend transcendental aesthetics and the world-whole through empirical intuition and synthesis in accordance with experience or possible experience? Our transcendental analytic, grounded on the law of nature, has shown that 1) the absolute unity of the thinking subject and the absolutely unconditioned in a series of given conditions signify nullity in space-time quantum; and 2) a being of all beings signifies space-time itself quantum, suggesting that the understanding can never accomplish a priori anything more than to anticipate an object of experience or possible experience, and, since that which is not appearance itself cannot be an object of experience or possible experience, it can never overstep the limits of sensibility, within which alone objects in themselves are given to us. The concept of another possible understanding, either one that would intuit itself, or one that, while possessing a sensible intuition, would possess one of a different kind than one grounded in space and time seems to be homogeneous with Kants thing in itself.



Author Information
Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Kyushu University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: ACERP2017
Stream: Philosophy - Philosophy and Technology

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