From the “13th five year” plan, China now is directing to transit to the green economy for not only relying on GDP performance, but also ensuring the environmental protection. Therefore, it is crucial to have the energy plan which can build up safe, efficient and sustainable energy strategy systems. This study discusses the concept of Undesirable Congestion (UC) under natural disposability and Desirable Congestion (DC) under managerial disposability and links them with Returns to Damage (RTD) and Damages to Return (DTR). RTD and DTR are newly derived from Returns to Scale (RTS). This study compares between RTD under UC and DTR under DC. This study applies the proposed methodology to 30 Chinese provinces on their economic and energy planning for social sustainability development. Three important findings are identified: First, the Chinese government has historically paid attention to the economic development, but ignoring environmental protection. Second, there was an increasing trend in improving the two components regarding social sustainability. Finally, China focused on large provinces especially municipalities, not small provinces in terms of economic and energy policy concerns. Thus, Chinese government should follow the three strategic concerns. First, the government should allocate economic and energy resources to small provinces so that China can reduce the industrial and regional imbalances. Second, large provinces need strict regulation on traffic control in these metropolitan areas and a fuel mix shift from coal combustion to natural gas and renewable energies. Finally, the structure change from public to private energy firms and from manufacturing to service will be a major industrial policy issue for China in near future. As a result, the Chinese social sustainability will be enhanced.
Yan Yuan, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, United States
Toshiyuki Sueyoshi, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, United States
Stream: Energy: Renewable Energy and Environmental Solutions
This paper is part of the IICSEEHawaii2017 Conference Proceedings (View)
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