Preventive diplomacy is defined by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Forum as diplomatic or political action used by states to avert disputes that has the possibility of threatening regional peace and stability. The 2015 ASEAN integration offers possibilities for the establishment of ASEAN soft power. Soft power is the ability to attract and co-opt rather than coerce. Recent trends suggest that it can be used by multilateral organizations such as ASEAN and the European Union (EU) in the international system. This paper intends to propose that the ASEAN, in order to wield soft power, must invest in its mechanisms of conflict management on its domestic control. Through a matrix of events and actors, the paper will establish a connection between the peacemaking efforts of ASEAN and its increasing number of partnerships between member countries. The paper raises two important arguments: first, the experience of ASEAN is different from that of the EU. Hence, how the former will forge its soft power is not similar to the latter. The second argument, as inspired by Nye’s soft power, believes that the peacemaking mechanisms of ASEAN allowed admiration from other international actors.
Jodelyn E. Bisco, De La Salle University, The Philippines
Stream: Postcolonial Studies
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