Gauging the Effectiveness of Diagramming and Scratching an Outline for Small Size Classrooms of English As L3 Users


Writing is one of the most important and challenging skills in the English Language that learners often find difficult to master. Brainstorming is a strategy that is considered effective in facilitating learners with their writing tasks. The present action research focused upon the impact of two brainstorming techniques - diagramming and scratching an outline on the writing skills of undergraduate business students who used English as L3. This study investigated the level of impact it has on English academic writing. A need analysis was conducted and it was revealed that other than the grammar, mechanics and syntax problems, the students were also struggling to generate ideas, connecting ideas and organizing ideas. The researcher used two brainstorming techniques; diagramming and scratching an outline to overcome the hurdles of generating ideas and idea organization faced by the students. It was thus concluded that the business students who were otherwise weak in the English language were also able to improve their writing skills by using brainstorming strategies.

Author Information
Shumaila Omar, Institute of Business Management, Pakistan

Paper Information
Conference: ECLL2016
Stream: Learning third languages

This paper is part of the ECLL2016 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon