Effective Cognitive Stimulation Training for Mild Cognitive Impairments in the Elderly: Perspective from Participants and Interprofessional Teams

Abstract

Introduction: Cognitive stimulation training (CST) was effective to reduce risk of cognitive decline and dementia in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The proposed of this study was to explore factors that contribute to an effective CST for MCI elderly from perspective of interprofessional team members and participants. Methods: After finish 6 sessions of CST, data were collected through individual face-to-face interviews with 25 elderly with MCI, and interprofessional team members; 1 physician, 1 practitional nurse, 1 nurse aid, 1 psychologist, 1 physical therapist and 1 occupational therapist. All of the interviews were video recorded for nonverbal language interpretation. Conversations were fully transcribed along with field notes and an audit trail immediately after each session, and analyzed using interpretive description methodology. Results: The importance of CST was emphasized by participants and interprofessional team. Three core themes emerged from the analysis of data: (i) program with two subthemes of 'training for specific brain function' and 'training for improve overall brain function;' (ii) activities with three subthemes of 'small group activities', 'interactive activities' and 'effective teaching material;' (iii) home works with two subthemes of 'suitable for each participant' and 'adaptation in daily living;' Moreover, participants mentioned accessibility to program, notification system and encourage from family members helped them to participate training and practice at home. Conclusions: Increasing awareness of holistic factors including program, activities and home works should be emphasized in planning for CST. Not only appropriate program and activities, but also accessibility and notification to joint the program and collaboration.



Author Information
Patsri Srisuwan, Phramongkutklao Hospital, Thailand
Daochompu Nakawiro, Ramathibodi Hospital, Thailand
Sirinthorn Chansirikarnjana, Ramathibodi Hospital, Thailand
Krongkaew Chenchetsada, Phramongkutklao Hospital, Thailand
Preeyanuch Tiemdao, Phramongkutklao Hospital, Thailand

Paper Information
Conference: AGen2016
Stream: Aging and Gerontology

This paper is part of the AGen2016 Conference Proceedings (View)
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