Mining activities carried out by Transnational Corporations (TNCs) may cause positive and negative impacts in developing countries, such as in Indonesia. The positive impacts of TNCs may enhance economic growth in Indonesia , on the other hand, the negative impacts of TNCs may cause environmental pollution and environmental degradation. The activities that have been done by the TNCs violate the right to enjoy healthy environment in Indonesia which has been recognised as the constitutional right and as part of human rights in Indonesia. The paper analyses comprehensively the role of environmental organizations in protecting human rights as well as performing social justice in Indonesia. Furthermore, it examines conceptually what are the challenges and opportunities of environmental organizations in protecting human rights as well as performing social justice in Indonesia.The paper is a normative research and the methodology employed in this paper is library research. While the approaches employed in the paper are statute approach and conceptual approach. The article is analysed qualitatively and presented descritively. The research finds that the role of the environmental organisations in Indonesia in protecting of human rights as well as performing social justice is paramount.
Sri Wartini, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Indonesia
Stream: Law 6. Law of Human Rights and Social Justice
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