To enter to ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) by 2015, human resources would be one of weaknesses for Thailand. There are more than 3.5 million persons from other ASEAN countries without Thai nationality living in the country, more than 3.0 million of them are working in the country, and approximately 1.4 million of them are not registered. Thailand has been attracting low-wage workers from neighboring countries, such as Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar, since at least the early 1990s. There is a policy to register workers from Myanmar in ten provinces along the border in 1992, which has expanded to include workers in low-skilled occupations from Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar in every province in Thailand. The Thai government has been attempting to put in place a system to recruit all migrant workers from the three neighboring countries through formal procedures, Memorandum of Understanding, which signed with the three countries for that purpose in 2002 and 2003. By the end of 2010, however, fewer than 80,000 migrant workers had entered the country through that formal process. This research aims to study patterns of labor migration in Thailand and related policies and institution arrangement for managing international laborers towards ASEAN Community 2015 as part of regional cooperation initiatives and bilateral agreements. The policy challenge is to design an effective model and implementation. The data used for the analysis will come from primary data on possible solutions and strategies, interviewing scholars or related governmental instructions and etc.
Tharita Sattayarak, University of Malaya, Malaysia
Stream: Politics, Public Policy, Law & Criminology
This paper is part of the ACSS2016 Conference Proceedings (View)
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