By 2060, Taiwan is expected to become a super-aged society with approximately 40% of its population classified as elderly citizens, and the labor shortage is expected to reach 1.96 million people. Although the labor shortage can be improved through industrial transformation and technological development, adding new sources of labor is the most direct solution. The proportion of female students in higher education in Taiwan is the second highest in Asia. However, its labor force participation rate is ranked at the 10th place. Therefore, 'the rise of female power,' or married women in particular, will be a key labor source to solving Taiwan's future labor shortage as a result of population aging.This study aims to explore the association between organizational climate, mother-in-law–daughter-in law relationship, and organizational citizenship behavior. Mother-in-law–daughter-in law relationship was used as the moderator of the relationship between organizational climate and organizational citizenship behavior. The participants comprised working women in the Kimen region, who had various roles such as that of a wife, mother, daughter-in-law, worker, and the self. The quantitative research method was used to conduct a questionnaire survey involving convenience sampling. The main findings of this study show that mother-in-law–daughter-in-law relationship positively and significantly moderates the relationship between organizational climate and organizational citizenship behavior and that mother-in-law–daughter-in-law relationship positively and significantly influences organizational citizenship behavior.
Neng-Huei Lee, National Quemoy University, Taiwan
Chia-Jhen Chang, National Quemoy University, Taiwan
Stream: Comparative Studies of Asian and East Asian Studies
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