The Development of a Psychological Well-Being Enhancement Model for the Elderly using Family and Community Participation in Nakaew Sub-District

Abstract

The objectives of the research were to develop a Psychological Well-being Enhancement Model for the Elderly by Family and Community Participation (PEMEF) and to study the results of using the PEMEF for the elderly people from Nakaew sub-district. The sample used in this research was 5 academicians in psychology and public health with the elderly experiences, 15 people in the community and in the elderly family of Nakaew sub-district and 24 elderly people from Nakaew sub-district were chosen by purposive sampling. The research tools were an interview form, a focus group discussion and a psychological well-being evaluation form. The statistics used in data analysis were percentage, mean and standard deviation. After focus group discussion of 15 people in the community and in the elderly family and the interviews of 5 academicians in psychology and public health with the elderly experiences, the PEMEF was developed into the 'Activity 4 Learning Bases for the Elderly onto Psychological Well-being (ALBEP)' each base consisting of 3 activities enhanced self-esteem, life satisfaction, interpersonal relationship and living conditions. After using the ALBEP with 24 elderly people, it was found that the mean score of psychological well-being of the elderly before using the ALBEP was 3.36 at a medium level and the standard deviation was .22 and the mean score after using the ALBEP was 4.11 at a high level and the standard deviation was .38. The mean score of psychological well-being of the elderly after using was higher than before using the ALBEP.



Author Information
Wimwipa Boonklin, Lampang Rajabhat University, Thailand

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2016
Stream: General Psychology

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