The Platonic tradition is very strong in the ontology and cosmology of Russian religious philosophy. The concept of Sophia as the foundation and the final goal of mankind, as well as the idea of the celestial and terrestrial hierarchies, and the ascent of the creation toward the creator established in classical Greece, are remarkably developed in the views of such Russian Christian philosophers as Vladimir Solovyov, Fr. Sergei Bulgakov, and Fr. Paul Florensky. The Greek concepts of justice are developed in Russian Religious thought within the parameters of transfiguration from temporal to the divine law. Anthropocentricism, rather than theocentrism or cosmocentrism, is seen as central in Russian religious tradition. An idea of justice manifested in man's choice is perceived as essential for the process of man's transfiguration. Just choice is viewed a focal point in the spiritual transition and the destiny of man. Following Platonic tradition, Russian Christian Philosophy shows that man's spiritual self could be preserved and developed only with the divine foundation of life. The denial of God leads a person to disarray, to the loss of his spiritual center, to the destruction of his inner order, and finally, to the death of his sacred self. Both Greek and Russian philosophy emphasize justice as being essential for the foundation of an ideal benevolent state. Russian Christian philosophy, however, asserts the necessity of the consistency of temporal law with the divine explicitly showing that life itself cannot be justified otherwise than within the divine order.
Lilia Castle, Chaminade University of Honolulu, USA
Stream: Philosophy - Philosophy and Religion
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