Commercialised Education and Sustainability: Examining the Hidden Costs of Shadow Education on Students’ Psychological and Cognitive Well-being in India

Abstract

Education is increasingly seen to be shifting towards an industry model, driven by commercial concerns where the traditional status of education as a public good has been diminishing (UNESCO, 2016). Exacerbating this situation is the recent rise of shadow education, an emerging billion-dollar coaching industry, originating in Asian countries and subsequently spreading worldwide. Private supplementary tutoring that operates parallel to the mainstream education of the regular school hours is known as shadow education. The objective of the paper is to understand the impact of shadow education on students’ academic performance and emotional well-being. The paper is based on empirical research conducted in Chandigarh City, India. 200 students who are studying in 12th grade as well as preparing for All-India level entrance examinations in Medicine and Engineering streams were interviewed by employing stratified random sampling technique and descriptive survey methods. The findings are alarming as many shadow education institutes enrol students for a two-year program by collecting huge fees for tuition and hostel/transportation facilities. Thus, a significant number of students skip regular school and attend coaching centres. The study witnessed that majority of the students experienced anxiety, stress, isolation and decreased emotional resilience due to the rigorous academic demands placed on them. Consequently, the key indicators of sustainable development, including quality education, reduced inequalities and social justice are being compromised. This paper emphasizes the need to address the complex interplay of shadow education, student well-being and the changing system of education where profit becomes the top priority for educational institutions.



Author Information
Deeksha Sharma, Panjab University, India
Guru Trisha Singh, Swami Vivekanand College of Education, Tarkwari, Himachal Pradesh, India
Satvinderpal Kaur, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India

Paper Information
Conference: ACEID2024
Stream: Mind

This paper is part of the ACEID2024 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Sharma D., Singh G., & Kaur S. (2024) Commercialised Education and Sustainability: Examining the Hidden Costs of Shadow Education on Students’ Psychological and Cognitive Well-being in India ISSN: 2189-101X – The Asian Conference on Education & International Development 2024 Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2189-101X.2024.40
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2189-101X.2024.40


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Posted by James Alexander Gordon