Prevalence of Adjustment Disorder Among Employees of Middle-Level Management in the Apparel Sector in Sri Lanka


Adjustment Disorder (AjD) is a transient psychological disorder that develops as a result of facing stressful life events. At present, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders- 5th Edition (DSM-5) and the International Classification of Diseases - 11th Revision (ICD-11) are the two widely recognized diagnostic criteria. The Adjustment Disorder New Module 20 (ADNM-20), a self-reported questionnaire, is universally accepted as an effective screening tool for AjD and is widely being used. The objective of the study was to identify the prevalence rate of AjD among middle-level employees of the apparel sector in Sri Lanka. The current study followed a quantitative research design. Three hundred employees were screened for AjD symptoms using the DSM-5 criteria and ADNM-20 questionnaire. The results revealed a high prevalence rate of 56.33%. In addition, among the six subscales of ADNM-20, the avoidance subscale emerged with the highest mean score. Furthermore, it demonstrated that divorced female employees, employees within the 36-45-year age category, and employees working in the Human Resources (HR) and Industrial Engineering (IE) departments presented severe symptoms of AjD. The overall findings highlighted the urgent need for extensive future research on AjD, not only within the apparel sector but across all industries and work settings.

Author Information
Prasanna Jayatilake, Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, Sri Lanka
Wasantha Gunathunga, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Lakshika Liyanage, Sir John Kotelawela Defence University, Sri Lanka

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2024
Stream: General Psychology

This paper is part of the ACP2024 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Jayatilake P., Gunathunga W., & Liyanage L. (2024) Prevalence of Adjustment Disorder Among Employees of Middle-Level Management in the Apparel Sector in Sri Lanka ISSN: 2187-4743 – The Asian Conference on Psychology & the Behavioral Sciences 2024 Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon