A Serial Mediation Model Testing Family Interaction, Anxiety, and Zest for Life as Predictors of Perseverance of Effort


Perseverance of effort, an individual long-lasting exertion to achieve a long-term goal even when facing obstacles (Duckworth & Quinn, 2009), has been consistently supported as a key indicator of subjective well-being and success. Due to the profound and significant role of perseverance of effort across the literature (Salisu et al., 2020), it is important to investigate potential factors that contribute to perseverance of effort. In this study, we took a sociocultural perspective of perseverance of effort and examined this mechanism using a serial mediation model that included anxiety and zest for life. A total of 326 undergraduate students were included in a cross-sectional study and responded to an online survey package. After controlling for demographic covariates, the results of structural equation modeling with maximum likelihood and bootstrapping with 5,000 resamplings (95% confidence interval) supported that anxiety and zest for life mediated the association between family interaction and perseverance of effort in a sequential fashion. It can be claimed positive and warm family interaction is related to individual perseverance of effort, and this relation is mediated by anxiety and zest for life sequentially. Practically, in order to enhance individual perseverance towards long-term goal-striving, researchers and educators can incorporate strategies to foster improved family interaction and zest for life in interventions, further providing anxiety prevention strategies.

Author Information
Kelly Ka Lai Lam, University of Macau, Macau SAR

Paper Information
Conference: SEACE2024
Stream: Higher education

This paper is part of the SEACE2024 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Lam K. (2024) A Serial Mediation Model Testing Family Interaction, Anxiety, and Zest for Life as Predictors of Perseverance of Effort ISSN: 2435-5240 The Southeast Asian Conference on Education 2024: Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2435-5240.2024.10
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2435-5240.2024.10

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon