The Influence of Growth Mindset and Grit on Self-Efficacy Among Chinese Undergraduates


In recent studies, growth mindset and grit have been widely adopted as two common indicators of undergraduates’ self-efficacy. However, the majority of studies are conducted among western samples. Moreover, the extent to which growth mindset and grit would impact self-efficacy simultaneously has not been systematically studied. The study first explores the influence of the two indicators in China and then examines the two dimensions of grit - consistency of interest and the perseverance of effort - and compares their influences on self-efficacy. 150 questionnaires were collected from undergraduate students across China, measuring their responses on Learning Questionnaire Manual, GRIT-S and 8-item Growth Mindset Scale. Multiple linear regression models were used to study their relationships while controlling GPA as an important covariate. The study concludes that while grit is an effective indicator of self-efficacy, only the effort preservation dimension contributes to the statistical significance. Another noteworthy finding is that compared to growth mindset, grit (with its effort dimension alone) is a stronger predictor of undergraduate students’ self-efficacy.

Author Information
Feiqian Yang, Shenzhen Hailing Psychological Research Center Co., Ltd, China
Kaiyao Ke, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, United States

Paper Information
Conference: ECE2023
Stream: Mind

This paper is part of the ECE2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Yang F., & Ke K. (2023) The Influence of Growth Mindset and Grit on Self-Efficacy Among Chinese Undergraduates ISSN: 2188-1162 The European Conference on Education 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon