A high "ability to tolerate depression," which is the ability to adaptively handle emotions that are unacceptable to oneself, is effective in recovering from negative situations. However, there are times in life when we encounter serious negative situations from which we cannot recover on our own, and we need to receive comfort from others. In this study, we examined the effects of the three factors that constitute the ability to endure depression, "the ability to endure loneliness," "the ability to face anxiety," and "the attitude of self-disclosure without being strong," on the acceptance of consolation from others in serious negative situations.
Participants were 153 female university students. Questionnaire survey. Multiple regression analysis revealed that a high ability to endure loneliness had an inhibitory influence on the acceptance of consolation (scenes of loss of a loved one: β=-.200, p<.01, scenes of betrayal: β=-.135, p<.10) and that an attitude of self-disclosure without being strong had a acceptance (β=-.352, β=-.267, in that order; both p<.01). It was inferred that a high tolerance for loneliness in the ability to tolerate depression would make it difficult to accept comfort from others, even in serious situations. Therefore, in order to clarify the comforting methods that can be accepted even by those who have a high ability to endure loneliness, eight types of comforting methods were taken up, and a two-factor analysis of variance was conducted for the ability to endure loneliness (high/low) × eight types of comforting methods, and effective comforting methods were identified.
Haruka Hayashida, Nagasaki Junshin Catholic University, Japan