In Thailand, rights to education of persons with disabilities are guaranteed by laws and policies i.e. Constitution of Thailand, Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities Act, Education Provision for Persons with Disabilities Act (EPDA), National Education Plan, and Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). According to EPDA, persons with disabilities have rights to (1) free education from birth, or when their disabilities occur, with support as needed by the individuals (2) choose services, settings and types of education based on their ability, interest and special needs (3) quality education with reasonable accommodation such as modification of curriculum, teaching media and assessment methods, having IEP for students with special needs. In term of education systems, inclusive and special education are the most widely practiced in Thailand. Inclusive education emphasizes full participation and inclusion of all groups. Students with diverse backgrounds learn together in an inclusive setting. In this way, children learn how to live with others and respect diversity. Children with disabilities can live with their families in communities. However, there are limitations such as inaccessible classrooms, no transportation and financial constraints of families. For special education, it is mostly provided in an isolate setting, which limits children’s learning opportunities as they are taken away from families and communities. Children living in institution are likely to lack social skills. Even though there are more cons than pros, special education is still practiced and children with disabilities still have limited access to freedom of choice in education.
Arunee Limmanee, Thammasat University, Thailand
This paper is part of the IICAH2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Limmanee A. (2023) Rights to Education of Persons With Disabilities in Thailand ISSN: 2432-4604 – The IAFOR International Conference on Arts & Humanities – Hawaii 2023 Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2432-4604.2023.28
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2432-4604.2023.28
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