A Study on Students’ Attitudes Towards Text Crowding on Multilingual Educational Slides


The need for multilingual educational materials in higher education is growing rapidly. It is still largely unclear, however, whether students consider extra-textual information, i.e., the same information in two or more languages, as a distraction or an increase in cognitive load or not. Recent research on multilingual subtitles in videos has shown that viewers tend to allocate their visual attention towards subtitles in their native (L1) language, while subtitles in their second language (L2) did not add any cognitive load. So far, however, it is still unknown whether these findings also relate to multilingual educational slides. In the present research we investigated students' attitudes towards this issue, particularly focusing on how they evaluated slides with multiple languages. We asked 25 Japanese and 25 Indonesian students to provide their opinions about unilingual, bilingual, and trilingual educational slides, with the same content provided in Japanese, Bahasa Indonesia, and English. The amount of content and the layout of the slides were systematically varied, and rating scales were used to obtain students' evaluations. The main findings showed that students had significantly more trouble choosing important information, and were more distracted by the crowded layout and different text fonts on multilingual slides as compared to unilingual slides. However, when the layout of the multilingual slides was such that the information was separated according to language, no such trend occurred. The same results were obtained for both student groups, clearly implying that educators can use multilingual slides, provided they visually group information separately for each language.

Author Information
Laksmira K. Adhani, Kyushu University, Japan
Gerard B. Remijn, Kyushu-University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: SEACE2023
Stream: International Education

This paper is part of the SEACE2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Adhani L., & Remijn G. (2023) A Study on Students’ Attitudes Towards Text Crowding on Multilingual Educational Slides ISSN: 2435-5240 The Southeast Asian Conference on Education 2023: Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2435-5240.2023.18
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2435-5240.2023.18

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon