A Study of Metaphorical Expressions Based on Up Sense of Happiness in English and Vietnamese


In daily life of human beings, it seems the knowledge and experience is transferred in the ways which may not be so familiar, and even in abstract concepts. In the concepts of Cognitive Linguistics (CL), this is viewed as part of general cognition and thinking, especially in the case of metaphors. On the theoretical framework of CL, we concentrated on the theory of conceptual metaphor (CM) by George Lakoff and Mark Johnson (1980/2003), among the first to pinpoint this conceptual potential. In this study, we refer to the metaphorical expressions based on Up sense of Happiness through fundamental concepts in spatial metaphors. For example, in English we can see the CM "HAPPINESS IS UP” with the target domain is HAPPINESS and the source domain is UP, such as in the expression “He is on cloud nine”, which expressed that the man can evoke joy. In Vietnamese, such a conceptualization is also pointed, for example: “Anh ta lên chín tầng mây” (he is on cloud nine, he is extremely happy). To clarify this study, the data from 8 best-seller novels and stories in English and Vietnamese were collected for analyzing linguistic perspectives. The paper used descriptive, analytic, synthetic, comparative and contrastive methods with 100 expressions to find out the findings of similarities and differences between English and Vietnamese metaphorical expressions of happiness to make the theory of CM practical and useful for teachers as well as learners.

Author Information
Tran Thi Thuy Oanh, University of Foreign Language Studies - The University of Da Nang, Viet Nam

Paper Information
Conference: IICAH2023
Stream: Language

This paper is part of the IICAH2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Oanh T. (2023) A Study of Metaphorical Expressions Based on Up Sense of Happiness in English and Vietnamese ISSN: 2432-4604 – The IAFOR International Conference on Arts & Humanities – Hawaii 2023 Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2432-4604.2023.11
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2432-4604.2023.11

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