Critical Literature Review: Age Factors on Second Language Acquisition

Abstract

Our understanding about second language acquisition is constantly updating itself due to new and compelling research. This article supports the idea that second language teachers should remain cognizant on the recent developments in research and critically reviews the literature regarding second language learning. This article also explores new theories regarding age factors in second language learning, with particular reference to the bilingual Chinese/English language context. This reviews found that teachers should understand the influence of critical age periods on language learners’ second language acquisition. The contextual focus is expanded to variations in the language learning environment, such as parental influence, bilingual schools and use of technology. This article concludes that understanding contextual factors such as age ranges and learning environments is paramount to delivering high-quality of second-language courses, and recommends methods for building an enjoyable and interactive second language learning environment with not much pressure, especially to young learners as well as adult learners. While this paper does review literature regarding adult learners of second languages, to understand more about the pedagogical differences and similarities of adults and children, as it progress, it will increasingly focus on the optimum teaching methods and environmental factors for supporting young learners. In doing so, it will consistently emphasize, based on the research, the importance of educators understanding children's social and emotional development alongside, and as part of, learning a second language. In its summary, some recommendations will be made for teachers of second language learners based on its findings.



Author Information
Xiuzhi Zhai, City University Malaysia, Malaysia
Aznan Che Ahmad, City University Malaysia, Malaysia
Lay Kee Chng, City University Malaysia, Malaysia

Paper Information
Conference: ECLL2022
Stream: Applied linguistics research

This paper is part of the ECLL2022 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by amp21