Category: Applied linguistics research


Against the Odds – A Hong Kong Primary One English Immersion Class

This study reports the findings of a Hong Kong aided school which debuted one English (L2) immersion class in Primary one (Grade one equivalent) in 2019-20 in the midst of legal uncertainty and the predominantly Chinese (L1) environment. Data were collected using MOLT Classroom Observation Scheme (Guilloteaux & Dörnyei, 2008), and teacher and parent interviews.


Critical Literature Review: Age Factors on Second Language Acquisition

Our understanding about second language acquisition is constantly updating itself due to new and compelling research. This article supports the idea that second language teachers should remain cognizant on the recent developments in research and critically reviews the literature regarding second language learning. This article also explores new theories regarding age factors in second language


Learners’ Expectations and Satisfaction in an Intercultural Telecollaboration Project

The aim of this paper is to analyse the data collected in a six-week intercultural telecollaboration project between the Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV) (Spain) and Morgan State University (US). Participants from UPV were 9 Spanish-speaking learners of English and 5 international students from the Erasmus+ programme, who engaged in both synchronous and asynchronous activities


Investigating the Impact of Acquiring Collocation and Lexical Bundles on Improving Language Proficiency of First Year College Students

This presentation introduces the outcome of a study that investigated the impact of teaching collocation & lexical bundles on increasing the vocabulary size of EFL learners. The presenter will give a detailed account of the research methodology, theoretical framework, and the research methods that were implemented in the study. Many studies investigated the relationship between


Transmission of Distress and Urgency Calls – Aeronautical English in Use

With ongoing challenges to the accuracy of aeronautical communications, distress and urgency calls need to be brought into sharper focus. They are the only possible ways pilots can obtain assistance in non-routine emergency situations. Radiotelephony communication is not an after-the-fact activity: “You need to know what you’re going to say before an event occurs” (Tavlin,


The Consequences of Chaos/Complexity Theory in Adults Learning Maltese as a Second Language

Despite extensive research in second language acquisition (SLA), we are still a long way from understanding what exactly happens in the mind of an adult learner when learning a second language (L2). This study explores whether a learning pattern could be established over time in adult learners learning Maltese as a second language (ML2), especially



This paper presents two learner corpora built to investigate anaphora: the Brazilian Learners of Anaphora in English (BRANEN) and the Aprendices Brasileños de Anáfora en Español (BRANES). Texts were written by language undergraduate students during an online course on anaphora, offered at a Brazilian University in 2020. The corpora provides insights for the analysis of


Effects of Using Self-regulated and Metacognitive Learning Strategies in L2 Writing Through Instructional Cognitive Involvement at a Thai University

This mixed method research study has investigated the possibilities and effects of instructionally induced cognitive load to facilitate self-regulated and metacognitive learning strategies for developing L2 writing skills. If low self-regulated learning is a cause of lower use of metacognitive learning strategies leading to low proficiency, then a reverse process of promoting self-regulated and metacognitive


Correlation Between Interlanguage and Internalization in SLA

Interlanguage is the type of language or linguistic system used by second- and foreign-language learners who are in the process of learning a target language. Interlanguage is dynamic and permeable as it serves as a bridge between L1 and L2 when learners lack knowledge and fine mastery of rules. They refine certain rules and obtain


Impact of Learners’ Backgrounds on Speaking Proficiency of EFL Young Learners in Mexico

This study investigated how learners’ background characteristics have an impact on the language ability of young learners of English (YLE). Research confirms learners’ uniqueness to be the most consistent predictor in successful language learning (Dörnyei & Skehan, 2003). These factors include motivation, parent education, time of exposure to the target language, among others. One context


Spaced Repetition (SR) for Long-term Vocabulary Retention: When Exactly to Repeat?

One of the most recurrent topics in education is the fact that learners tend to forget what they have learned rather quickly. Previous research studies have found that SR can indeed contribute to long-term retention of vocabulary. However, considering there are many variables involved, and since there is a lack of agreement among scholars of


Are High-proficiency Learners Effective Feedback Providers? A Case Study on Online Peer Feedback in L2 Writing

Due to the advancement of technology or computers, it provides language learners with ample opportunity to engage in meaningful communication in the target language without physical and time constraints. In another line of research on peer feedback in second language (L2) learning, a common belief held by most practitioners is that providing feedback on written


The Change in Accentual Patterns in Certain English Words – A Diachronic Study

All languages tend to change in certain respects over a period time. These changes become perceptible only when they remain in vogue for a period of twenty five to thirty years. In English it is noticed that changes take place in the pronunciation of certain words with time, leading to two alternative pronunciations for the


Transcontextualizing Contemporary Filipino Gay-Themed Movies: Its Message to the LGBT Community

This study focused on transcontextualizing contemporary Filipino gay-themed movies. Utilizing Content Analysis, this study deciphered the underlying message of each contemporary Filipino gay-themed movie and its social relevance to the LGBT community. As an analytic strategy, content analysis enables a systematic examination of forms of communication to document patterns objectively. It is a method for


Color Coding Japanese Kana for Second Language Acquisition

In this research, the pedagogical effects of endowing alphabetical properties on Japanese Hiragana by phonetically mapping the Kana syllabary to their respective vowel phonemes with a color code as well as mapping diacritical marks color coded to each character’s respective consonant group are studied. This phonetic color coding system mapped to Japanese Kana was tested