Online Learning Perceptions and Online Learning Self-efficacy: Do Students’ Characteristics and Access to Technology Matter?

Abstract

While online learning has become the delivery mode of choice to facilitate flexible or distance learning amid the COVID-19 pandemic, this alternative approach to instruction has challenged the entire educational system in the Philippines. This descriptive study examined the online learning perceptions and online learning self-efficacy of 2027 students at a private college in Manila. Survey data obtained from the respondents were analyzed using nonparametric statistical tests to examine how these factors are affected by students’ characteristics and access to technology. Findings suggest that in general, college students have moderate to high perceptions and self-efficacy when it comes to online learning. When students’ characteristics were compared, only gender, academic track, and prior online learning experience showed significant differences in the two scales. Year level and the number of units enrolled by students were not found to have any significant effect. Factors related to technology access namely, device ownership, device sharing, Internet connectivity, and type of subscription were also investigated. Both Internet connectivity and type of subscription were found to be significant factors that impact how learners view online learning and how competent they believe themselves to be in accomplishing online requirements. When online learning perceptions and online learning self-efficacy were correlated, highly significant positive associations among the subscales were obtained. This means that students with more positive views about online learning are more likely to possess greater confidence in their abilities to perform the tasks required of them when engaged in online learning.



Author Information
Jose Noel Fabia, De La Salle- College of St. Benilde, Philippines
Marissa Fearnley, De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde, Philippines
Dennis Caballes, De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde, Philippines

Paper Information
Conference: PCE2022
Stream: Learning Experiences

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Posted by amp21