The Covid-19 pandemic impacts each sector of life around the world, including the education sector, namely changes in the implementation of education. The impact is related to the nationwide implementation of learning carried out online/remotely. This study intends to describe Indonesia's online learning design, platform, and policies during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially for primary and secondary education. This study shows that the Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia requires the Ministry of Education and Culture to implement policies in the form of Circular Letter and Joint Decree with other ministries so that the face-to-face teaching and learning process is transformed to online/distance learning models (Pembelajaran Daring). Since it's a nationwide education transformation, naturally, obstacles were emerging. Thus, educational policies and online learning design initiatives are implemented to facilitate the teaching and learning process amid the pandemic. In addition, the implemented policies and initiatives also bring out positive impacts on education in Indonesia.
Lanasari Tan, National Chengchi University, Taiwan