One of the most challenging issues in the Philippines today is the increased involvement of the children and youth in committing offenses against the law. With a deficiency in research discussing delinquency in a different stance, the researcher aimed to study the lived experiences, growth mindset, and self-concept. Although numerous studies explored various influential factors on delinquency, the researcher intended to emphasize the essential roles of the psychological and social/environmental factors on Filipino children in conflict with the law. The researcher employed a Qualitative Research Design using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis as its most-fitting method for the study. Six (6) in-housed children in conflict with the law residing in Bahay Pag-asa Santa Rosa and Bahay Pag-asa Muntinlupa were selected via purposive sampling. Eight (8) superordinate and fourteen (14) subordinate themes emerged from the in-depth interview and focus group discussion. The study revealed that youth resorted to delinquency because of external and internal influences reinforced by their previous struggles such as their family’s financial dilemma, early drop out from school, exposure to vices, and negative interaction with the authorities. Furthermore, the participants shared the challenges as well as their positive lived experiences inside the facility. Despite of unfortunate circumstances, they perceive themselves and their current situation positively because of faith, social support, and coping efforts. This study strived to provide the public relevant ideas in understanding the children in conflict with the law. Finally, it intended to help clinical psychologists curate intervention programs for them to become useful citizens.
Shien Roscain, University of Santo Tomas, The Graduate School, Philippines
Lucila Bance, University of Santo Tomas, Philippines