In the helping profession, having good self-awareness can effectively improve the working efficiency while helping others. The purpose of the study is to provide a better understanding by constructing a "Self-Awareness Efficiency Scale for Helping Professionals (SAES)". The research is divided into four stages. The first stage is "qualitative interview" stage. The researcher invited six help professionals to conduct interview. After combining data from interview and literature review, the first draft of SAES was produced with 80 questions. The second stage is "Expert Content Validity" stage. The researcher invited four scholars to suggest, adjust, and delete the inappropriate questions, and complete the pre-test scale with 70 questions. The third stage is "pre-test" stage. The researcher collected 80 pre-test samples, using Likert four-point scale, having item analysis, factor analysis, and finally formed the formal scale. The scale is divided into three dimension with 10 themes as follows: (1) Cognitive Awareness: including the value of helping professional, the effectiveness of helping professional, and the awareness of self-worth. (2) Emotional Awareness: including the recognition of emotional awareness, the expression of emotional understanding, and the adjustment of emotional response. (3) Behavioral Awareness: including the behavior of self-care, the method of stress adjustment, the behavior of self-reflection, and the strategy of self-improvement. The fourth stage is "formal scale" stage. It is estimated that 400 samples will be collected. The reliability and validity analysis, confirmatory factor analysis will also be conducted. Finally, the researcher provides some useful suggestions for helping professionals and researchers in the end.
Yong-Lin Chang, Fo Guang University, Taiwan
Kuo-Chang Huang, Fo Guang University, Taiwan