Traditionally, education has been imparted through classroom teaching methods. This classical approach is slowly changing with the application of Information Technology in education, making it accessible and cost-effective. India has steadily adopted the concept of e-Learning, which means using innovative technologies to bring education in the online domain. e-Learning provides a solution, which offers flexibility in learning and diversity in pedagogy for students and teachers. This paper brings out the role of e-Learning in changing the landscape of education system in India. The main aim of this paper is to present a qualitative study of the current innovative technologies being used in education sector in India along with an assessment of the polices related to it. While there is little doubt that the use of digital technologies has improved access to education, enhanced educational attainment levels and enriched the teaching and knowledge gaining experience. However, there exists a research gap regarding the magnitude of these improvements and the current bottlenecks in this area. This paper attempts to bridge this gap by making an assessment of the Government initiatives and their impact using data from both official reports and non-government studies. Some suggestions have also been proposed to address the challenges being faced at ground level. e-Learning has tremendous potential to make education accessible in India, however, it needs more financial resources and better coordination between bureaucratic agencies in order to become successful.
Shailla Draboo, Jamia Millia Islamia University, India