Smartphone addiction/problematic smartphone usage has become a pressing issue, however, interventions aiming to arouse positive energy and inspire self-determination to change are scant. Integrating the tenets of self-determinaiton theory (SDT) and solution-focus brief therapy (SFBT), this study aimed to implement a group intervention to evaluate its effectiveness on college students' smartphone addiction, positive usage of smartphones, and psychological well-being. We formulated a group of three college students after initial interviews to determine their qualifications. During the intervention (six weekly meetings each lasted for 1.5 hours) we lead activities such as goal setting, progress sharing, imagining success, strength sharing, and complements with each other. In addition, tracking apps were introduced to the participants to self-monitor their smartphone usage. The participants completed the pre- and post-test surveys that comprised the Positive Smartphone Perceptions and Usage Inventory (PSPUI), the Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) and the Psychological Well-being Scale (PWBS). Each participant also received a 1.5-2 hour interview with the researcher. Results showed a statistical improvement on PSPUI and SPAI, which indicated that the SDT-SFBT experiment group was useful in helping participants with their smartphone usage. The results from the qualitative data also showed that the participants benefited by joining the experiment group as they gained satisfaction with their smartphone usage and was able to utilize smartphone in a positive way. Other rewards, such as enhancing problem-solving skills, increasing motivation to develop interests other than using smartphone, and coping with their troubled emotions better, were reported.
Yang-Hsueh Chen, National Chengchi University, Taiwan
Yi-Chen Wu, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan