Throughout the last decades, more and more attention has been given by scholars and practitioners to neglected and abandoned sites and their regeneration. In Europe, at the regional and municipal level, many innovative redevelopment policies and projects have been promoted to recycle these spaces and create an impact at the local scale (Bollenti Spiriti Programme of Regione Puglia, Boom-Polmoni Urbani, Culturability etc.). Starting from the analysis of the state of the art and the comparison of 11 European experiences of brownfields recycling (Germany, Italy and Spain), the study investigates these creative centres and how their actions and activities affect the places producing socio-cultural, economic and spatial impacts. In this regard, the research considers as a relevant example the recycling of the saltworks of Salinas de Añana, in Spain. The study has the purpose to explore and illustrate the impacts on the place of its reactivation and to understand the role of the local community, the local administration and the social enterprise as drivers of social innovation, new cultural activities and urban development. The research adopts qualitative, quantitative and comparative methods, with dialogic surveys, and semi-structured interviews, demographic and territorial analysis. Considering the analysis carried out, the research aims to observe how the recycling process can affect the city and its surroundings. In conclusion, the research may constitute a specific contribution to the existing body of knowledge and provide the basis for future researches, collaborations and practical guidelines for the socially innovative recycling of disused resources in urban–rural contexts.
Federica Scaffidi, University of Hannover, Germany
Stream: Architecture and Urban Studies/Design
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