The Jingxing Ancient Route has been a natural passage linking Hebei and Shanxi Province for over 2000 years in China, and was also the most important route for the contact of Zhao and Qin state in history. In 2006, it was listed in the important heritage sites under state protection of China. The route stretches from Tumen Pass to the Guguan Great Wall, and now most of the main part is in the central section of Jingxing County, Heibei Province, which has been a multicultural place for over 2000 years. Apart from being a traffic trunk, this road has three main functions in history. It was mainly used as an important military road before Tang Dynasty. Then it was a policy immigration route for people leaving from Shanxi to Hebei in the early Ming Dynasty. With the rising of Shanxi merchants it became a commercial road in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Along this ancient route, there are a lot of historical villages remained, whose changes were deeply affected by it. Through historical research, field research and interviews, this paper will comb the history of Jingxing Ancient Road, analyses the settlement generations and spatial changes of the villages along this road, and then try to find how a post route with multiple functions can influence the evolution of villages under dual cultures.
Linan Ding, Tsinghua University, China
Stream: Chinese Studies
This paper is part of the ACAS2020 Conference Proceedings (View)
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