Oral Discourse Analysis in a Master’s Classroom: A Cross-Cultural Approach

Abstract

The purpose of this communication is to present the results of a study about some teaching experiences applying oral discourse analysis in a Language and Technology Master’s Degree classroom in Spanish with Chinese students. We take into consideration the studies on oral specialized language and theories related to communication strategies. In conjunction with the invocation of a relevant context, the analysis of the real examples proposed focuses on the relation established between participants of the discourse act, the explicative and argumentative intention characterizing specialized discourse, the declarative marks and the prototypical organization of the content. But on the other hand, the non-verbal language including haptics, kinesics, vocalics and proxemics is studied as well, as an essential element to understand and transmit the message. In cross-cultural contexts, when interlocutors don't share linguistic and cultural backgrounds, non-verbal communication takes on a particularly important role. This is the reason why these strategies became indispensable for Chinese students’ academic education in Spain. Thus, the main aim of the classroom activities proposed to the students is to develop discourse analysis competencies but also to emphasize the importance of all the elements involved in the oral communication, in order to identify them and also to produce their own effective cross-cultural interactions. The results of the study reveal that the students enhance their competencies of oral communication. The conclusions could be useful for teachers to develop activities to increase learner’s awareness of oral communication in cross-cultural contexts.



Author Information
Inmaculada Tamarit-Valles, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain

Paper Information
Conference: ACEID2020
Stream: Foreign Languages Education & Applied Linguistics (including ESL/TESL/TEFL)

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