The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among depression status, anxiety degree and self-injury of the college students. The method of survey research and the instrument is Mental Health Scale for Undergraduate-Screening Assessment (MHSU-SA). The inventory consists the following five indexes, such as depression status, anxiety degree, self-injury, impulsive behavior, and mental distress. Besides, the MHSU-SA can be used to detect the type and intensity of potential traits of college students to screen out those who need high care and prevent the occurrence of biased behavior. The participants were 1,008 National university freshman students in southern Taiwan. Moreover, the data collected were analyzed by descriptive statistics, one-way MANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple stepwise regression through SPSS 20.0 software. The main findings of the study are as follows: Firstly, depression status of the college students vary significantly with genders. Secondly, anxiety degree of the college students vary significantly with different Faculty. Thirdly, significant positive correlation appears between depression status and self-injury. Fourthly, significant negative correlation appears between anxiety degree and self-injury. Finally, the perspective “Hopelessness” is the best predictor of depression status, and the perspective “Fear of losing control” is the best predictor of anxiety degree. According to the findings above, the researcher also provides some useful suggestions for tutors, psychologists in counseling centers, university administrators, and future researchers about how to take good care of the psychological needs of these college freshman students in the end.
Yong Lin Chang, Fo Guang University, Taiwan
Meng-Hsuan Tsai, Fo Guang University, Taiwan
Kuo Chang Huang, Fo Guang University, Taiwan