The purpose of the research was to develop a "Peer Group Supervision Ability Scale (PGSAS) " for professional counselors working in the colleges to evaluate and enhance their abilities when they try to organize peer group supervision sessions. The research object was based on counseling psychologists, clinical psychologists and social workers working in the colleges across Taiwan. There were 6 qualitative interviewers, 121pre-test samples, and 156 formal samples participated in the research. The data collected were analyzed through item analysis, product-moment correlation, MANOVA, oneway ANOVA, and confirmatory factor analysis. The results of the research are as follows: 1. The final version of PGSAS consists of 25 items and divided into following three subscales: 12 in Case intervention, 4 in Professional development, and 9 in Self-growth. Besides, the reliability coefficient of the three subscales have yielded Cronbach α from.73 to .91, while the total PGSAS is .93, indicating substantial stability. Moreover, the PGSAS provided with Content validity, Construct validity, and Criterion-Related Validity. 2. There was no significant difference in professional counselors of different "Genders". Professional counselors with different "Identities" had significant differences in "Self-growth", and "counseling psychologists" were significantly higher than "other professional counselors". Professional counselors of different "Years of experience" had significant differences in "Case intervention" and so on. 3. The research not only established norms in relation to PGSAS scale, but also established the norms of Case intervention, Professional development, and Self-growth. Finally, the researcher provided suggestions for administrators, psychologists, and future researchers in the end.
Kuo Chang Huang, Fo Guang University, Taiwan