Present study aimed at exploring the difference of the ‘regression in the service of the ego’ between art students and professional artists. The subjects were 21 art students of graduate school (average age 25.5) and 25 professional artists (average age 46.4). They were administered Rorschach test and the result was analyzed according to the scoring system (Holt, 1977) that measures the regression in the service of the ego from the viewpoint of primary process and secondary process. The result showed 5 differences between art students and professional artists. ①Art students showed tendency to respond more primitive aggressive responses than professional artists.②Professional artists showed tendency to respond more primary condensation responses than art students. ③Professional artists significantly showed more primary symbolic representation than art students. ④Professional artists showed tendency to respond more primary autistic elaboration responses than art students.⑤Professional artists significantly showed more total responses of formal primary process than art students. The result of ① indicated that regression to primitive aggression was not relevant to creativity. The results of ②③④ suggested that various aspects of formal primary process promoted creativity of professional artists. The result of ⑤ showed that professional artists more easily regress in the general aspects of primary process. It was considered that professional artists more tend to regress to primary process than art students and it was suggested that this tendency to regress underlies their creation.
Toshiki Ito, Kobe University, Japan
Stream: Qualitative/Quantitative Research in any other area of Psychology
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