Love and Consent in the Sacrament of Matrimony: A Moral-Theological Approach

Abstract

In the Sacrament of Matrimony, the exchange of consent between the spouses is sustained by the Church to be the indispensable element that “makes the marriage.” If consent is lacking, there is no marriage (CCC, 1626). This is an indication that the couples’ mutuality of human act, performed in “giving” and “receiving” during the Rite of Matrimony is rather realized physically than the mutual expression of the act of loving. Love, as the most fundamental passion (CCC, 1765), with its broad philosophical and theological meanings, offers ambiguous human expressions, inherently necessitates exploration. During the exchange of consent, the act of the will is presumed, assuming the understanding that it properly characterizes the form and matter appropriate to the Sacrament. As love appears too vital in marital union, the Rite of Matrimony effects a sacramental bond that appeals to its perfection. Love is essential in Marriage. Although not a prerequisite to its validity, it is commanded to those who enter into it, urging them to “Love one another!”



Author Information
Revenendo Vargas, University of Santo Tomas, Philippines

Paper Information
Conference: ACERP2020
Stream: Philosophy - Philosophy and Religion

This paper is part of the ACERP2020 Conference Proceedings (View)
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