Relationship Between Gender, Culture Adaptation and Employment Equity – the Case of Foreigners in Japan

Abstract

This paper explores two issues: the relation between gender and adaptation and gender and job equity of international students in Japan. The continued increase in the number of international students has caused a corresponding increase in a variety of problems and challenges regarding overseas study (Gebhard, 2012; Li et al., 2014). The problem of adjustment, particularly in the tertiary level is of gigantic importance, since foreign students need help in adjustment beyond intellectual progress. What is unclear is the amount of impact gender has on adjustment. Do male students adjust better and/or faster compared to female students? This study uses two assessment scale the Index of Life Stress (ILS) and Index of Social Support (ISS) to measure the degree of life stress and social support (Ikeguchi, 2007) available to two groups. ILS measures three areas of stress, while ISS attempts to measure the degree of social support available to foreign students. This paper likewise deals with employment equity. How many foreign student graduates choose to work and live in Japan? JASSO data indicates, as of 2017, 55.9%, of foreign students studying in Japanese universities are male, while 44.1% are female. Labor Ministry reports 1.5 million foreign workers in Japan (2018). How many foreign female student graduates get a job in Japan? The scope of the foreign labor market in Japan goes beyond the retail, restaurant and manufacturing industries. This paper hopes to provide insights on gender equity in labor opportunities to foreign born graduates of Japanese universities.



Author Information
Cecilia Ikeguchi, Tsukuba Gakuin University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: IICEHawaii2020
Stream: Counselling

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